Our Neighborhood's Biodiversity Map

* Please click the continent to see the endangered species of our neighborhood.
Africa
Cervus elaphus barbarus, Tierpark Berlin, 523-629 * To See the original image, please click the image
Shared by : Abdessamad B (Algeria)
Region : Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco
Status : Critically Endangered
Introduction
The Barbary stag or Atlas deer is a subspecies of red deer that is native to North Africa. -Only his paintings was left on the national park of El Taref, which created specifically for this subspecies Today, there are no figures indicate the number of Atlas deer in El Taref, because of non-counting by any party over the past 30 years, where the last census process was in 1986, at that time, experts in the national park of El Taref confirmed the presence of nearly 300 head.

- Barbary stag in the brink of extinction in Algeria, where it didn't see over the 10 years ago.
- Barbary stag is an endemic species in Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco, in the dense forests,
  particularly in the Algerian-Tunisian border in the towns of Souk Ahras, Annaba and El Kala

The Barbary stag is smaller than the typical red deer. Its body is dark brown with some white spots on its flanks and back. The antlers lack the bez (second) tine.
They live in temperate forest, hills and small mounting 800m but rarely above 1200 m.
  ● Length: 130 to 140 cm for male, 90 to 100 for female.
  ● Tail: 15 cm.
  ● Weight: 50-225 kg for male and 100-150 for female

In the colonial era, Barbary stag was present in abundance, because of Morice Line, to prevent the movement of Algerian FLN guerrillas and the smuggling of arms from Tunisia, therefore, Barbary stag was proliferating to the extent that it has grazed with cows and often visited the residents of El Kala in front of their homes. In 1986, there was the first and last state-funded operation for the benefit of this animal, where the program has been to intensify the animal, and the process is culminated by demobilizing more than 65 head in the end of the eighties. And this animal was found favorable climate for reproduction and became grazed along the residential areas and lakes.
Threats
Since that time, Barbary stag is leaving to face extinction by hunting gangs and development projects.Over the years, the number of Barbary stag heads decreased even disappeared permanently from that region, it has faced a process of extermination during the past couple of decades, included three aspects:
- Hunting, gangs hunting have formed, and they made up illegal hunting associations went out once a week for hunting Barbary stag. The loss of barbary stag his natural spaces, as a result of residential projects and the construction of roads, forest fires, which caused the deaths of dozens of heads, it has also caused the displacement of significant numbers of barbary stag to Tunisia. Predation by wolves and hyenas, but by a very small proportion.
Its important role in the local ecosystem
Barbary stag is the only deer in northern Africa, this species plays an important role in the ecological balance and the preservation of other species in the region, it play the role of a consumer in the ecosystem. Barbary stag eats green plants. They would be considered a primary consumer because they are herbivores. In certain forests, green plants are held in check by the deer using them for food. In the relationship of predator prey in an ecosystem, they become the prey for other animals in the region like: Jackal and hyenas,.
If they are taken out of an ecosystem, some green plants will over populate from the barbary stag not there to eat them and some animal populations would decrease because they have lost a food source.
History
Current barbary stag is the sole representative of the family Cervidae, El Taref state take it as a distinctive symbol, and it is the pride of the people of the region, but for all Algerians. It is one of the columns of faunistic heritage in Algeria and many cave paintings that represent Barbary stag were found in different areas in the east and south-east Algeria, which date back to prehistoric times.

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