Our Neighborhood's Biodiversity Map

* Please click the continent to see the endangered species of our neighborhood.
Africa
Grevy's Zebra Stallion * To See the original image, please click the image
Shared by : Brian Waswala (Kenya)
Region : Kenya and Ethiopia
Status : Endangered
Introduction
The Grevy's zebra (Equus grevyi) is the largest (morphologically) living wild equine and the most endangered of the three species of zebra. They measure about 2.5 - 3 metres (8 - 10 feet) from head to tail and weigh 350 - 450 kilograms (770 - 990 pounds). Habitat and distribution Grevy zebras live in semi-arid grasslands (Acacia-Commiphora bushlands and barren plains) where it feeds on grasses, legumes, and browse. Historically, they ranged east of the Rift Valley in Kenya to western Somalia, and in northern Ethiopia from the Alledeghi Plain through the Awash Valley, the Ogaden, and north-east of Lake Turkana in Ethiopia to north of Mt. Kenya and south-east down the Tana River in Kenya (Bauer et al. 1994). It is currently found in northern Kenya, with some isolated populations in Ethiopia. It was extirpated from Somalia and Djibouti and its status in South Sudan is uncertain. Population Status Their population declined from 15,000 to 3,000 since the 1970s - a 75% decline. However, as of 2008, the population is stable. It is estimated that there are less than 2,500 Grevy's zebras still living in the wild, with an estimated 600 Grevy's zebras in captivity. Reproduction Grevy's zebras can mate and reproduce all year-round, but most mating takes place in the early rainy seasons and births mostly take place in August or September after the long rains. A single foul is born normally after a 390 day gestation period. Conservation status In the past, Grevy's zebras were threatened mainly by hunting for their skins which fetched a high price on the world market. They are now legally protected in Ethiopia and Kenya. Present threats include habitat loss and competition for pastures and water from livestock and disease (anthrax).

Sources :
IUCN Redlist : http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/7950/0
Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gr%C3%A9vy%27s_zebra
Picture source : http://animalcorner.co.uk/wildlife1/zebra/zebra_grevy%27s.html

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