Our Neighborhood's Biodiversity Map

* Please click the continent to see the endangered species of our neighborhood.
Iena Striata * To See the original image, please click the image
Shared by : Swosthi Thapa (Nepal)
Region : North and East Africa, Middle East, the Caucasus, Central Asia and Indian Subcontinent
Status : NT (Near Threatened)
It is the smallest of true hyenas and retains many primitive viverrid characteristics lost in larger species having a smaller and specialized skull. Their neck is thick, long and largely immobile while the head is heavy and massive with a shortened facial region. The eyes are small, while the sharply pointed ears are very large, broad and set high on the head. It has short tail and blunt but powerful claws. Female has three pairs of nipples. It is primarily nocturnal animal which typically only leaves its den at the onset of total darkness, returning before sunrise. They are generally not territorial animals, with home ranges of different groups often overlapping each other. It is monogamous, with the male helping the female to establish a den, raise young and feed her when cubs are born. The gestation period lasts 90-91 days. It is primarily a scavenger which feeds mainly on ungulate carcasses in different stages of decomposition, fresh bones, cartilage, ligament and bone marrow. In wild striped hyenas can live for 12 years while in captivity, they have been known to reach 23.
The major reasons for apparent decline include persecution (especially poisoning), decreasing natural and domestic sources of carrion due to declines in the populations of other large carnivores (Wolf, Cheetah, Leopard, Lion, Tiger) and their prey and changes in livestock practice. They are very susceptible to accidental or targeted poisoning as they readily accept strychnine-poisoned bait. The skins of this species are illegally traded and body parts are used in traditional medicine and may fetch very high prices. Commercial hunting their habitat destruction is also another threat for them.
Conservation Efforts:
For their conservation, the striped hyenas are present in numerous protected areas across their vast range; also are conserved under captivity provided with necessary diet. Various public awareness programmes have been and should be conducted for their conservation. Various researches are being conducted to know about their behavior, habitat, kinds, dietary requirements and many which can provide much knowledge on them. Strict rules and regulations should be promulgated.

IUCNredlist.org, Wikipedia


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