Our Neighborhood's Biodiversity Map

* Please click the continent to see the endangered species of our neighborhood.
Asia
ARKive species - Mountain anoa (Bubalus quarlesi) ARKive species - Lowland anoa (Bubalus depressicornis) * To See the original image,
   please click the image
Shared by : Irfan Ramdhany (Indonesia)
Region : Indonesia
Status : Endangered
Introduction
Anoa is endemic to Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi province at the same mascot. Based on the location of its range, the animal is classified as transitional fauna. Since the 1960s, Anoa is in endangered status. In the last five years the population declined drastically Anoa. It is estimated that there are currently less than 5,000 surviving tail. Anoa often hunted for their skins, horns and meat. There are two species of Anoa, namely: Anoa mountains (Bubalus quarlesi) and Anoa lowland (Bubalus depressicornis). Both types of these live in the forest that is not touched by humans. Both also include the type of aggressive and difficult to be domesticated livestock (domesticated). Both types are distinguished by the shape of antlers and body size. Anoa lowland relatively smaller, shorter tail and soft, and has a circular horn. While the larger mountains Anoa, long-tailed, white-legged, and has a rough horns with triangular cross-section. Their appearance is similar to a buffalo, with a weight of 150-300 kg body weight and height of 75 centimeters. Currently Anoa conservation focused on the protection of forests and breeding. Many cite the Anoa as a Anoa. Anoa is included in the herbivore animals. Their main Makana is grass, ferns, young plants, and fruit that falls from the tree. They also drank sea water to meet the needs of the mineral in their bodies. In the wild wild Anoa take "aquatic feed" which include ferns, grass, tree buds, fruits are falling, and the types of tubers. Based on observations Pujaningsih, et al., (2005) and some researchers reported that Anoa lowlands are sometimes also allegedly drinking sea water to meet their mineral needs. In the highlands, Anoa natural salt licks in order to meet their mineral needs. (Malik et al., 2004 Pujaningsih, 2005). Anoa is passive and shy animals. They will only use their horns to attack if they feel threatened and usually only humans are most often made them feel threatened. Reproducibility occurs at age 2 years to 3 years. Pregnant period from 276 days to 315 days, babies born anoa only one tail. Anoa can survive about 20 years to 25 years. At birth, the baby Anoa fur golden brown or yellowish and very thick. The color will slowly turn into a darker along with its development (Wikipedia Encyclopedia, 2010)

SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION
• Phylum: Chordata
• Subphylum: Vertebrates
• Class: Mammalia
• Subklas: Theria
• Infraklas: Metatheria
• Order: Artiodactyla
• suborder: Ruminantia
• Family: Bovidae
• Genus: Bubalus
• subgenus: Anoa
• Species: Bubalus depressicornis, Bubalus quarlesi
• PROTECTION STATUS: Anoa is one of the rare wildlife that is protected by state based Law No. 5 of 1990 on Conservation of Natural Resources and Ecosystems and Government Regulation No. 7 of 1999 on Preservation of Plants and Animals. Besides animal Anoa into the list of CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna)
Appendix 1 is a species that is endangered.

Mountain Anoa usually hunted for their skin, meat and horns. Besides clearing of forests for agriculture and gold mining are also increasingly threatened habitat Anoa Mountains, because he lost habitat and food sources, and he can not adapt to human presence. Anoa are getting scarce and heading to extinction. Anoa scarcity is caused by two things namely the hunt for consumption and habitat destruction. It used to be forests in Minahasa (ranging from Likupang to Poigar) inhabited by Anoa, now an extinct Anoa from there. Sterilization Anoa from the land of his birth today still continues even though Anoa is a protected species under Indonesian law. By the international conservation organization IUCN, anoa classified by CITES Anoa endangered and included in the list of the highest protection in the appendix 1.Walaupun alarming, Anoa population can be found in Park Nani Wartabone located on the peninsula Minahasa, North Sulawesi.

References :
http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anoa
http://faunague.blogspot.com/2013/05/informasi-tentang-anoa.html
http://miraclekidx.blogspot.com/2012/09/sekilas-tentang-anoa-binatang-khas.html
http://www.ksdasulsel.org/artikel/fauna/165-anoa-satwa-endemik-sulawesi

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