Our Neighborhood's Biodiversity Map

* Please click the continent to see the endangered species of our neighborhood.
Asia
ARKive photo - Indian elephant calf standing beneath adult ARKive image - Indian elephant calf * To See the original image,
   please click the image
Shared by : Rahul Acharya, Prashant Bhandari (Nepal)
Region : Tropical and subtropical moist and dry broadleaf forests in India, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, China, Malaysia, and Indonesia
Status : Vulnerable
Introduction
Asiatic elephant is the largest of the mammal in Asia. The color ranges from dark grey to brown with patches of pink on the forehead, the ears, the base of trunk and chest. Its height is about 2.5-3.5 meteres ad weighs about 4,000 to 5,000 Kilograms. It has got giant body ad head. But eyes and tails are small. They are found in the forest of terai region. The area from Churiya hills to lower plain forest is its chief shelter. It is found in the Parsa Wildlife reserve, Bardiya National Park, Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve and Chitwan National Park. They have got trunks. Only male elephanrs have the trunk which is the extended part of the upper teeth.
History
One horned Rhino and Asian Elephant are the landmarks of Chitwan(distric where i dwell). In fact Chitwan National Park is famous for the elephant ride and World Elehpant Polo. (It is estimated to be 100-125 (IUCN) in case of Nepal)
Threats
Poaching is the prime threat for Elephant maximus decrease in populaiton. Wild elephant populations are mostly small, isolated and unable to join as ancient migratory routes are cut off by human settlements. Confrontation between elephants and people often leads to death on both sides. According to Elephant Conservation Action plan (2009-2018), whose goal is “To save elephants in the wild from extinction, immediately address habitat loss and mitigate escalating people-elephant conflict”, there are 107-145 resident wild animals in Nepal and 153 captive elephants in Nepal except zoo. Up until 1960s there was a large elephant population located in lowland forest of Nepal, earlier the chitwan district was almost all forest but with increase in population, people migrated from mid hills to terai, and cleared forest land for resettlement. This is one of the major factors for the decline in number. However the last 25-30 years has seen an increase in number of domesticated elephants, this rise is due to influx of tourists, tourists can go for Elephant ride, jungle safari which has encouraged people in tourism. Even Elephant polo, Elephant race is conducted in Meghauli, chitwan every year to attract tourists. Wild elephant have affected the crops of farmers , the Madi region of chitwan, which lies across river Rapti is prone to elephant attack and many farmers have lost their crops, few their lives and those elephants who frequently enter human settlement are killed. So hopefully the Elephant Conservation Action Plan fulfills its objectives thereby reducing people-elephant conflict.
Efforts
This species is listed on CITES Appendix I. The most important conservation priorities for the Asian elephant are: 1) conservation of the elephant's habitat and maintaining habitat connectivity by securing corridors 2) the management of human-elephant conflicts as part of an integrated land-use policy that recognizes elephants as economic assets from which local people need to benefit or at least no suffer 3) better protection to the species through improved legislation and law enforcement, improved and enhanced field patrolling, and regulating/curbing trade in ivory and other elephant products.

References :
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asian_elephant
http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/endangered_species/elephants/asian_elephants/
http://animalcorner.co.uk/elephant-anatomy/
http://www.arkive.org/asian-elephant/elephas-maximus/
IUCN Red List (http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/7140/0)

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