Our Neighborhood's Biodiversity Map

* Please click the continent to see the endangered species of our neighborhood.
Asia
The barasingha * To See the original image, please click the image
Shared by : Prashant Bhandari (Nepal)
Region : India, Nepal
Status : Vulnerable
Introduction
Swamp Deer is a large deer whose body length is around 180cm. It possesses a wooly yellowish brown hair and the tail is white. They are famous for their antlers which have 12 points thereby giving them the name “Barasingha” measuring 76cm round the curve with a girth of 13cm. The average weigh ranges from 170-280kg. (From wiki) Swamp Deer is included in IUCN Red Data Book as Vulnerable. Protected Area and Wildlife Conservation Act 1973 has legally protected the swamp deer in Nepal, Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve was established in 1976 exclusively for swamp deer. The species is endemic to Indian sub-continent. Swamp Deer as the name suggest lives in swampy habitat and eat grass from bed of wet swamps and possess spongy hooves for the adaptation. They were reduced in number chiefly due to hunting as a sport, poaching, and habitat loss and were on a verge of extinction but now their number is healthy. Rucervus duvaucelii Common Names Swamp Deer (English) Barasingha (Nepali) Species Description Adult males have a dark brown coat during winter and light brown in summer. Females generally are a lighter colour than males. Males have twelve-tined antlers. Species Ecology The Swamp Deer inhabits swampy habitats, grasslands and floodplains. Swamp Deer are exclusively grazers feeding only on grasses. Females become sexually mature between two and three years and produce a single offspring after a gestation period of 240 to 250 days. Number:: 2,170 individuals including 385 fawns Trencd:: Decreasing Conservation Status Global: Vulnerable National: Endangered Conservation Measures in Place Grassland rehabilitation including controlled burning, regular count and monitoring, water holes for providing water during hot dry season in ShuklaPhanta Wildlife Reserve.
Efforts
i) Develop trans-boundary initiatives including cross-border law enforcement operations and collaboration framework for protecting this species and other wildlife.
ii) Enhance law enforcement in protected areas and buffer zones.
iii) Continue monitoring population status and set up a standardised system for collecting demographic data on an ongoing basis.
iv) Control livestock grazing in Swamp Deer habitat.
v) Improve habitat management such as grassland management and water hole maintenance.
vi) Undertake a feasibility study into creating a third viable population in Chitwan National Park or Parsa Wildlife Reserve.
vii) Develop swamp deer conservation action plan.

Sources :
www.nepjol.info/index.php/INIT/article/download/2684/2378
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barasingha

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