Our Neighborhood's Biodiversity Map

* Please click the continent to see the endangered species of our neighborhood.
Asia
India Tiger cubs ARKive species - Tiger (Panthera tigris) * To See the original
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Shared by : Rahul Acharya, Prashant Bhandari, Sujan Adhikari (Nepal)
Region : Nepal, India, Bangladesh, and Bhutan
Status : Endangered
Introduction
Its coat is yellow to light orange and stripe ranges from dark brown to black and the tail is white with black rings. The body length of male ranges from 270-310 cm and female range from 240-265 cm. the male and female average weight is around 221.2 kg and 139.7 kg respectively. Tiger population is distributed in Chitwan National Park, Bardia National Park, and Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve. It has been classified as endangered by the IUCN. Tiger were once distributed throughout the lowland terai. Their number decreased in the 1960s and 1970s when many people migrated from hills to terai. The Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) is the most numerous tiger subspecies. By 2011, the total population was estimated at fewer than 2,500 individuals with a decreasing trend. Since 2010, it has been classified as endangered by the IUCN. As of 2010, Bengal tiger populations in Nepal are 163-253. There are about 1,706-1,909 Bengal tigers in India, 440 in Bangladesh, and 67-81 in Bhutan.
Threats
Habitat loss, Illegal wildlife trade, prey loss, conflict with humans are some of the reasons that caused the decline of tigers. Illegal trade in high-value Tiger products including skins, bones, meat and tonics is a primary threat to Tigers, which has led to their recent disappearance from broad areas of otherwise suitable habitat, and continues at unsustainable rates.
Efforts
Tiger is listed in Appendix I of CITES and is protected by Nepal's National Park and Wildlife Conservation Act (1973) in Appendix I. Government of Nepal as a part of Global Tiger Recovery Program(GTRP, 2010) aims at doubling the population of Bengal tiger by 2022 coinciding with next Chinese year of Tiger.Tiger submit was held in St. Petersburgh, Russia which was attended by head of state of tiger nation like China, Nepal, Bangladesh. And 13 tiger range countries adopted GTRP. The Tiger Ecology Project was initiated in the early 1970s by a joint venture of Government of Nepal and the Smithsonian Institution and WWF. Nepal Prepared a Tiger Conservation Action Plan in 1999. Realizing that fact Government of Nepal, WWF and many other institutions have launched project on conserving landscapes, Anti-poaching efforts, stopping illegal wildlife trade etc. which is now showing positive impacts. Protected Areas Estimated Population Parsa wildlife Reserve 4 Chitwan National Park 125 Bardia National Park 18 Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve 8 Total 155 (Source: Nepal Tiger Genome Project)

References :
National Geographic, IUCN Red List, WWF
http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/bengal-tiger/
https://www.worldwildlife.org/species/bengal-tiger http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bengal_tiger
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bengal_tiger

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