Our Neighborhood's Biodiversity Map

* Please click the continent to see the endangered species of our neighborhood.
Asia
Antilope cervicapra from velavadar * To See the original image, please click the image
Shared by : Reshma Gurung (Nepal)
Region : India, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh
Status : Near Threatened
Introduction
Black buck is an ungulate species of antelope native to the Indian subcontinent that has been classified as near threatened by IUCN since 2003, as its range has decreased sharply during the 20th century. The native population is stable, with an estimated 50,000 individuals as of 2001. Black Buck is truly representative of Nepal and India. They evolve here and extinct in the wild except for limited part of India and Nepal’s Bardia district Gularia Municipality under Royal Bardia National Park in western Nepal. They like to live in open grassland and dry thorn and scrubland. They like to be in herds about 20 to 30 individuals. A herd generally inhabits around 200 to 300 acres of land. A dominant male marks the territory by shifting and pawing the ground and urinating and defecating at established area. Black buck are herbivore animals. They graze the soft grass and eat leaves, herbs and shrubs. They like to graze to vast area from the down to dust and take rest on shadow of the tree. In Nepal, the last surviving population of black bucks is found in the Blackbuck Conservation Area south of the Bardia National Park. In 2008, the population was estimated at 184.
Role in ecosystem
Like every species, black buck is also one of the important parts of ecosystem and global biodiversity. It is the only living species of the genus Antelope. It is an herbivore which feed on grasses and gets prey by carnivores like leopards, tigers. It helps to maintain the food chain of ecosystem.
History
Black buck is called as 'Krishna shar' in Nepal. By Hindu culture, it is believed as a vehicle of Chandrama (soma or chandra) (moon). This is a symbol of purity prosperity and peace. Its skin is used in the time of taking secret thread (bratabanda) as well as at the time of worshipping. In Buddhism, a pair of buck symbolizes Buddha when he turned to the Sarnath India. The horns and skin are also regarded as sacred object in Hinduism.
Threats
The main reasons of population loss of black buck are poaching, predation, habitat destruction, overgrazing, diseases, inbreeding and visitor. There is encroachment of people and domestic animals are free to graze this area as well are main reasons that there is very limited land for Black Buck. Recently the number of population of black buck is only around 184 in Nepal.
Efforts
First of all, people should be aware about the importance of this animal. There is no grass at all. Therefore animals go to the farm of the local people and local people for the protection of their crop move domestic dogs to runaway the Buck. These domestic dogs are habituated to kill the Buck. To solve these problems, The Association for Protection of Environment and Culture (APEC) in Nepal has contributed to throw the poisonous bushes from its habitat. Mobile exhibition, conservation education and other awareness programs are initiated by APEC for its conservation. And APEC is also working to make campaign for the conservation of this species. To protect this species we need to prepare retention wire, to plough some area to grow the crop which Black buck like most, to make shade for rain and heat. Local NGO’s who are working since long time for protection of this area are district forest office, Bardia National Park and local administrative authority including District administrate office, Police office and Local ward's members and people, schools etc.

References :
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blackbuck
http://www.geocities.ws/ngo_apec/apec7.html

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