Our Neighborhood's Biodiversity Map

* Please click the continent to see the endangered species of our neighborhood.
Asia
Cuon.alpinus-cut * To See the original image, please click the image
Shared by : Sujan Adhikari (Nepal)
Region : Central and Southeast Asia
Status : Endangered
Introduction
Cuon alpinus Common Names Dhole (English) Ban kukur (Nepali) Species Descriptions Red-brown forest dog which has shorter legs, a bushy tail and a thicker muzzle than both the wolf and the domestic dog. Body color is light chestnut to brown-yellow. The Dhole is a versatile species occurring in all habitats with the exception of the desert. They are found in a wide variety of vegetation types, including tropical dry and moist deciduous forest, evergreen and semi-evergreen forests, dry thorn forests, grassland scrub forest mosaics and alpine steppe (above 3,000 m). Their main diet consists of large mammals such as Sambar, Chital, Wild Boar, Buffalo, Swamp Deer, Nilgai, Gaur, Musk Deer, Himalayan Tahr, Goral and small mammals such as hares and other rodents. The gestation period for Dhole is approximately two months after which a litter of four to six pups are born inside a den, which can be an earthen burrow or rocky cavern.
Threats
• Depletion of natural prey base.
• Competition with other large carnivores such as tigers and leopards.
• Habitat loss due to human encroachment and agricultural expansion.
• Direct and indirect persecution.
• Disease particularly those transmitted by feral and/or domestic dogs (including mange, canine distemper, parvovirus and rabies)
Efforts
i) Conduct periodic surveys to obtain population status, distribution and trends.
ii) Implement effective protection and management of prey base habitats inside protected areas and in key sites outside protected areas ensure adequate protection through strengthening systems and engagement with local communities in buffer zones and conservation areas.
iii) Minimize persecution through education and awareness programmes, and public engagement activities.
iv) Implement management plan of feral dog populations/disease in the buffer zones of national parks and in conservation areas.

Sources :
Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dhole
IUCN Red List http://www.iucnredlist.org/

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