Our Neighborhood's Biodiversity Map

* Please click the continent to see the endangered species of our neighborhood.
Ursus thibetanus 3 (Wroclaw zoo) * To See the original image, please click the image
Shared by : Sujan Adhikari (Nepal)
Region : India, Nepal, Korea, China, Russian Japan, Taiwan
Status : Vulnerable
The Himalayan Black Bear occurs in dense, mixed broadleaf forests and steep forest hills, using rock caves and tree hollows as shelter. The estimated available area of suitable habitat for this species has declined by approximately 30% over the past 10 years. Age at first reproduction is between four to five years, producing litters of one or two cubs every other year. Maximum lifespan is over 30 years, but average lifespan is less in the wild. This species is considered uncommon despite its broad distribution, and the population is observed to be in decline. Seen rarely in Himalayan areas as numbers are decreasing year by year due to no conservation measures taken. National Distribution The Himalayan Black Bear occurs across the mid-hills and within all of the Himalayan Protected Areas (Kanchenjunga Conservation Area, Makalu-Barun, Sagarmatha, Langtang, Shivapuri Nagarjun, Shey-Phoksundo, Rara and Khaptad National Parks, and Annapurna and Manaslu Conservation Areas, and Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve) and from the districts of Dhading, Surkhet, Dailekh, Dadeldhura, Doti, Bajura, Rukum and Myagdi. Although it is considered to occur mainly between elevations of 1,400 m to 4,000 m, it was recorded in Bardia National Park, Babai Valley in a 1999 camera trap. Distribution outside Nepal Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Islamic Republic of Iran, Japan, Democratic People??s Republic of Korea, Republic of Korea, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Taiwan, Province of China, Thailand, Viet Nam.
• Poaching for trade in body parts.
• Habitat loss and fragmentation due to human settlements, clearing for agriculture and livestock grazing, collection of firewood.
• Human-wildlife conflict and retaliatory killings.
Conservation Recommendations i) Undertake surveys of Himalayan Black Bear using camera traps, radio collaring and indirect sign surveys in all areas of suitable habitat both within and outside protected areas to establish baseline data on distribution and population status. ii) Enhance law enforcement inside and out of protected areas to reduce poaching and illegal wildlife trade of bear parts (paws, skins, bile) implement community-based anti-poaching units in conservation areas, buffer zones and community forests. iii) Create community-based night vigilance with local people and provide training in effective methods of preventing crop raiding from bears and other wild animals in areas of highest risk. iv) Initiate Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation led coordination of conservation measures with local people and related organisations control trade by creating a network with Nepal Police, Nepal Army, youth clubs, NGOs, representatives of local people and conservation committee members. v) Prevent retaliatory killing by mitigating human-bear conflict and introducing non fatal methods of deterrent and increasing awareness. vi) Provide compensation and support to the bear victims to reduce negative attitudes and retaliatory killings. The Government of Nepal has recently finalised regulations for compensation schemes to wildlife victims. vii) Raise awareness through community-based conservation education programmes especially within conservation areas, buffer zones and community forests, which support the local people and their livelihoods and help reduce human-bear conflict.viii) Develop management plan to improve /maintain areas of prime habitat in community forests and buffer zones.

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