Our Neighborhood's Biodiversity Map

* Please click the continent to see the endangered species of our neighborhood.
Asia
Hog Deer in Punjab Pakistan * To See the original image, please click the image
Shared by : Sujan Adhikari (Nepal)
Region : Pakistan, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, China, Thailand
Status : Endangered
Introduction
Ochre coloured coat, short legs and stocky body, males grow three-tined antlers. Species Ecology Hog deer occur in tall alluvial grassland, often associated with medium to large-sized rivers. Studies on Hog deer have shown a preference for Saccharum and Imperata dominated grasslands. Hog Deer are primarily grazers of young grasses, but will also feed on herbs, flowers, fruits and browse. Hog Deer reach sexual maturity at about 15 months. Peak fawning season is observed in March to April with usually one or two young born after a gestation period of 220 to 230 days. Conservation Status Global: Endangered National: Endangered Legal Status National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act 2029 (1973). This species only occurs in protected areas. National Population Size Total: < 2,500 (estimated) Adults: < 1,500 (estimated) Trend: Decreasing However current estimates suggest there may be a total population of less than 2,500 individuals and this population is observed to be in decline. National Distribution This species is found within the protected areas of Bardia National Park, Chitwan National Park, Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, Parsa Wildlife Reserve and Shukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve. The species is locally common and restricted within these protected areas. Distribution outside Nepal Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India (northern and northeastern areas including areas of Terai grasslands bordering Nepal), Pakistan.
Threats
Habitat loss (especially the succession of suitable grassland habitat to woodland).
• Habitat degradation (invasive plant species). • Hunting for subsistence.
• Impact of dams (flooding of prime grassland habitats). Conservation Measures in Place None. However this species is likely to benefit from conservation measures in place for its sympatric species - the Greater One-horned Rhino.
Efforts
Conservation Recommendations i) Improve habitat management through controlled burning of grasslands and control of the principal invasive plants (Mikania micrantha, Lantana camara, Chromolaena odorata). ii) Assess the impact of the proposed high dam on the Karnali River and other proposed hydropower projects on prime Hog Deer floodplain grassland habitats. iii) Enhance law enforcement outside protected areas through local community participation and engagement.

Sources :
http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/41784/0

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