Our Neighborhood's Biodiversity Map

* Please click the continent to see the endangered species of our neighborhood.
Asia
Komodo dragon with tongue * To See the original image, please click the image
Shared by : Irfan Ramdhany (Indonesia)
Region : Indonesia
Status : Vulnerable
Introduction
Indonesia as a tropical country with thousands of islands became a heaven for flora and fauna in it. With 74 distinctive ecosystems and the biosphere mega biodiversity form, into a life of about 1500 species of algae, plant 80,000 species of fungi, 595 species of mosses, 2,197 species of ferns, and 30000-40000 species of seed plants. And also a 8157 live vertebrate species, 270 mammal species, 386 bird species, 328 reptile species, 204 amphibian species, 280 fish species are endemic. All that making Indonesia the country with the highest level of biodiversity world. One of the biodiversity of our pride is the ancient dragons are animals that are still alive and exist only in Indonesia.
History
About 40 million years ago in Asia there are species of dragons that started with the Varanus genus, which then migrate to Australia. Furthermore, 15 million years ago the giant lizard is moving towards the area known as Indonesia now, because meeting the continental shelf of Australia and Southeast Asia. Komodo is believed to have evolved from ancestors Australia about 4 million years ago, and extends its distribution to as far East. About Komodo Komodo, or more so-called Komodo dragons (Varanus), is the world's largest lizard species living on the islands of Komodo, Rinca, Flores, Gili Motang, and Gili Dasami in Nusa Tenggara. This lizard by natives of the island of Komodo also called the local name ora. Including family members Varanidae lizard, and klad Toxicofera, dragons are the largest lizards in the world, with an average length of 2-3 m. Large size is associated with symptoms of island gigantism, the tendency of the big body certain animals that live on a small island linked to the absence of carnivorous mammals on the island where dragons live, and the rate of metabolism of small dragons. Because of his body, lizards occupy a top predator that dominates the ecosystem in which they life. Komodo dragon has a length of 3 meters and weighs 90 kg, is the largest lizard species in the world that is now declared as one of the seven natural wonders of the world. These animals are naturally found only on Komodo Island, NTT, Indonesia.

Living in the open dry grasslands, savannas and tropical forests. They are active during the day although sometimes active at night. Komodo can run up to 20 kilometers per hour in short distances, swim very well and were able to dive as deep as 4.5 meters and clever climb trees using strong claws. To catch prey beyond his reach, this animal can stand on its hind legs and use its tail as a support. For shelter, these animals dig a hole as deep as 1-3 meters with front legs and strong claws. Because of his body and habit of sleeping in the hole, dragons can maintain body heat during the night and reduce the time sunbathing on the next morning. Hiding place is usually located in a hilly area with the sea breeze, open from vegetation. This place is generally a strategic location to ambush deer. They are carnivores. Young Komodo dragons eat small prey such as lizards, snakes, and small mammals. While the adult dragons prey on larger animals such as deer, buffalo and pigs. They also eat carrion. Komodo can find their prey using a keen sense of smell and can find animals dead or dying at a distance of up to 9.5 kilometers. Komodo reproduce sexually. They reach sexual maturity at about 5 years of age and breed during the months of July to September. Egg incubation period is 8 months.

References :
http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Komodo
http://komodokita.org/id/profil/komodo.html
http://faunague.blogspot.com/2012/11/informasi-tentang-komodo-kadal-terbesar.html
http://www.amazine.co/24136/fakta-komodo-habitat-reproduksi-klasifikasi-komodo/
http://www.mongabay.co.id/tag/komodo/
http://komododragonfacts.blogspot.kr/2014/01/history-of-komodo.html

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