Our Neighborhood's Biodiversity Map

* Please click the continent to see the endangered species of our neighborhood.
Asia
PorculaSalvaniaAdultWolf * To See the original image, please click the image
Shared by : Prashant Bhandari and Sujan Adhikari (Nepal)
Region : India, Nepal, and Bhutan, but now only found in Assam
Status : Critically Endangered
Introduction
Pygmy Hog is the smallest wild pig in the world. It is listed as Critically Endangered by IUCN. Its world population is about 150 individuals. (wiki) It is found in grasslands of terai in Nepal. Their body length ranges just about 55-71 cm and weighs about 6.6-11.8 kg. the skin color is brownish black, piglets are grayish-pink in color. The pygmy hog is the sole representative of Porcula. This species is dependent on early successional riverine communities, typically comprising dense tall grasslands, commonly referred to as ‘thatchland’, but which, in its pristine state, is intermixed with a wide variety of herbaceous plants and early colonizing shrubs and young trees (Oliver and Deb Roy 1993 ) The main threat to pygmy hog is loss and degradation of habitat which is primarily due to human activities like dry season burning, encroachment, livestock grazing, and settlements. Planting of trees in grasslands also causes their habitat loss. Pygmy conservation program is being run but conservationist say they don’t receive as much funds as conserving it is less glamorous than some other species like The Bengal Tiger. Their number is decreasing. We have to prevent it from EXTINCTION.
Threats
• Habitat loss and fragmentation. • Indiscriminate burning of grasslands. The distributions shown are from previous records of this species in Nepal. It is now no longer believed to occur within Nepal.
Efforts
i) Undertake intensive sign surveys in historical range of the species within existing grassland protected areas to establish presence.
ii) Undertake a feasibility study for establishing a captive breeding centre based on the experience and facilities of the Pygmy Hog Centre in Guwahati, Assam, India. If recommended, establish a captive breeding population for phased reintroduction of animals into selected protected areas following proper field assessments and appropriate monitoring and habitat management systems in place.

References :
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pygmy_hog
www.iucnredlist.org/details/21172/0
http://www.sospecies.org/sos_projects/mammals/pygmyhog/

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