Our Neighborhood's Biodiversity Map

* Please click the continent to see the endangered species of our neighborhood.
Ciconia nigra -Kruger National Park-8 * To See the original image, please click the image
Shared by : Swosthi Thapa (Nepal)
Region : India, Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, Nepal; warmer parts of Europe
Status : LC (Least Concern)
This is a large bird nearly 1 m tall with a 1.8m wingspan, weighing around 3 kilograms. It is all black except for the white belly and axillaries and its red bill and legs. It walks slowly and steadily on the ground. Like all storks, it flies with its neck outstretched. It feeds mainly on fish and also on amphibians and insects. It is shy and wary species, unlike the closely related White Stork. It breeds in large marshy wetlands with interspersed coniferous or broadleaved woodlands, but also inhibits in hills and mountains with sufficient network of creeks. It builds a stick nest high in trees or on cliffs.
The main threat to this species is habitat degradation, particularly the destruction of large traditional nesting trees. The rapid development of industry and farming, the building of dams and lake drainage for irrigation and hydroelectric power generation has been cause for their threats. Similarly, their habitats are further threatened by conversion, agricultural intensification, desertification and pollution caused by concentration of pesticides and other chemicals. The species is occasionally killed by collision with power lines and overhead cables. Hunting, especially during migration have caused population decline.
Retention of large older trees is important in providing nesting site for this species. Conservation measures should focus on managing the river quality, protecting and managing feeding habitat, improving food resources by establishing shallow artificial pools on grassland or along rivers. Regular monitoring and counting should be done. Rivers and small streams should be managed, nesting trees and rocks should be protected, bury power lines or replace with more visible cable should be done. Poaching and overexploitation of fish should be prevented to conserve Black Stork.

References :
Birdlife International, Bird Conservation Nepal, iucnredlist.org


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