Our Neighborhood's Biodiversity Map

* Please click the continent to see the endangered species of our neighborhood.
Asia
Arkive species - Yellow monitor (Varanus flavescens) * To See the original image, please click the image
Shared by : Swosthi Thapa (Nepal)
Region : Asia
Status : LC (Least concern)
Introduction:
The yellow monitor or golden monitor lizard is a species of monitor lizard found in Asia. It has subcorneal teeth, scarcely compressed; its snout is short and convex and its nostril has an oblique slit which is a little nearer to the end of the snout than to the orbit. Digits are short and the tail is compressed and kneeled above. The scales of head are small and subequal; the median series of supra ocular scales are slightly dilated transversely. Scales on upper surfaces are moderate, oval and kneeled. Abdominal scales are smooth whereas caudal scales are kneeled. It has olive or yellowish brown above with irregular darker markings which are generally confluent into broad cross bars; a blackish temporal streak; and the lower surfaces are yellowish with rather indistinct brown cross bars which are most distinct on throat. The species prefer wet areas and found to the edge of forest and near to human settlements. They aren’t habitat specialist group but generally less found in forest with large trees and dry areas. It is a carnivorous lizard and less adapted to climb on trees due to its short hind toes. They are farmer’s friend by engulfing harmful pests.
Threats:
Local and national trade causes threats to this species. Direct killing and lack of knowledge about the species among people and their exploitation for food and fulfilling social needs has decreased their numbers. They are also a source of leather. Over hunting combined with the problem of habitat loss has resulted this species to endangered status. The greatest threat to this lizard population is permanent habitat alteration or destruction especially in complex and poorly understood regions.
Efforts:
Various surveys and monitoring are being carried out in different parts of the world where it is found and should be continued. Their habitat should be protected and strict rules and regulations should be implemented. Prevention against illegal hunting and trade should be done. Various awareness programmes about their status, distribution and importance should be provided to local communities. Sustainable use programes should be established for common species. Though they are least concerned as enlisted by IUCN, they should be protected and various conservation methods should be applied.

References :
Department of National Park and Wildlife Conservation, Nepal
Wikipedia

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