Our Neighborhood's Biodiversity Map

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Europe
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Shared by : Bharat Adhikari (Nepal) and Sumit Chowdhury (Bangladesh)
Habitat : Central and Eastern Europe
Status : : Near Threatened (NT)
Introduction
Measuring 13 to 15 centimeters (5.1 to 5.9 in) long in total, the Danube crested newt is the smallest crested newt species. It has a more slender, elongate body than the other species, well adapted to swimming, with a narrow head and relatively short limbs. This body shape has evolved through an increase in the number of rib-bearing vertebrae: there are 16-17 of them in T. dobrogicus, the highest number among the crested newts. It has a smaller and more slender body than the other crested newts in genus Triturus but like these, males develop a conspicuous jagged seam on back and tail during breeding season.
Reproduction takes place in small ponds with stagnant water, or in channels, ditches and flooded areas. It intergrades with other species of the former Triturus cristatus complex along the contact zones.
Habitat
It is found in terrestrial and fresh water. It is found in open habitats with mixed deciduous forests and groves, bushlands, flooded meadows and swamps, and also in agricultural landscapes and villages, and riparian groves in the steppe regions.
Threats
The main threat is habitat destruction by humans, especially through drainage, damming, and pollution.

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