Our Neighborhood's Biodiversity Map

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Shared by : Bharat Adhikari (Nepal)
Habitat : Greenland
Status : Near Threatened
Introduction
The ivory gull (Pagophila eburnea) is a small gull, the only species in the genus Pagophila. It breeds in the high Arctic and has a circumpolar distribution through Greenland, northernmost North America, and Eurasia.
This species is easy to identify. At 43 centimeters (17 in), it has a different, more pigeon-like shape than the Larus gulls, but the adult has completely white plumage, lacking the grey back of other gulls. The thick bill is blue with a yellow tip, and the legs are black. The bill is tipped with red, and the eyes have a fleshy, bright red eye-ring in the breeding season. The juveniles take two years to attain full adult plumage. There are no differences in appearance across the species’ geographic range. The ivory gull breeds on Arctic coasts and cliffs, laying one to three olive eggs in a ground nest lined with moss, lichens, or seaweed.
It eats fish and crustaceans, rodents, eggs and small chicks but is also an opportunist scavenger, often found on seal or porpoise corpses. It has been known to follow polar bears and other predators to feed on the remains of their kills.
Habitat
Canadian Arctic, Seymour Island, Nunavut.
Threats
Illegal hunting, Change in climate.

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