Our Neighborhood's Biodiversity Map

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Europe
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Shared by : Bharat Adhikari (Nepal)
Habitat : Russia
Status : Endangered
Introduction
It is also called red-crowned crane or the Manchurian crane. It is a large East Asian crane among the rarest cranes in the world. In some parts of its range, it is known as a symbol of luck, longevity, and fidelity.
This species is among the largest cranes, typically measuring about 150 to 158 cm (4 ft 11 in to 5 ft 2 in) tall and 101.2-150 cm (3 ft 4 in-4 ft 11 in) in length (from bill to tail tip). Across the large wingspan, the red-crowned crane measures 220-250 cm (7 ft 3 in-8 ft 2 in). It’s body weight range from 4.8 to 10.5 kg (11 to 23 lb.), with males being slightly larger and heavier than females and weight ranging higher just prior to migration. On average, it is the heaviest crane species, although both the sarus and wattled crane can grow taller and exceed this species in linear measurements.
Breeding maturity is thought to be reached at 3-4 years of age. All mating and egg-laying is largely restricted to April and early May. A red-crowned crane pair duets in various situations, helping to establish formation and maintenance of the pair bond, as well as territorial advertisement and agonistic signaling.
The estimated total population of the species is only 2,750 in the wild, including about 1,000 birds in the resident Japanese population. Of the migratory populations, about 1,000 winters in China (mainly at the Yellow River delta and Yancheng Coastal Wetlands), and the remaining winter in Korea. It received endangered status on June 2, 1970.
Habitat
Wetland, wet grassland, saltmarsh, rivers etc.
Threats
Wetland degradation, habitat loss etc.

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