Our Neighborhood's Biodiversity Map

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Europe
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Shared by : Bharat Adhikari (Nepal)
Habitat : France, Italy
Status : Vulnerable (VU)
Introduction
The species has a flat head and measures between 115 and 160 millimeters (4.5 and 6.3 in) in length. Its tail’s tip is either rounded or pointed, with or without paravertebral glands. Due to its black color, it is similar to the other alpine salamander, Salamandra atra atra. In France, the species can be found at 1,800-2,300 meters (5,900-7,500 ft), while in Italy it is found at 1,450-2,100 meters (4,760-6,890 ft) in altitude. They feed on various insects, spiders, and various species of slugs. They give birth from two to six young, which are born completely formed, after their mating act is successfully fulfilled, which is as long as three to four years.
Habitat
Terrestrial, it is mainly found in rocky alpine meadows and scree slopes, often close to small streams, usually above the tree line.
Threats
Various birds and vipers are a threat to Lanza's alpine salamander and many individuals are killed by cars.

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