Our Neighborhood's Biodiversity Map

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Europe
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Shared by : Bharat Adhikari (Nepal) and Sumit Chowdhury (Bangladesh)
Habitat : Denmark, Norway, Russia
Status : Vulnerable
Introduction
This is a carnivorous bear whose native range lies largely within the Arctic Circle, encompassing the Arctic Ocean, its surrounding seas and surrounding land masses. A boar (adult male) weighs around 350-700 kg (772-1,543 lb.), while a sow (adult female) is about half that size. Although most polar bears are born on land, they spend most of their time on the sea ice.
The polar bear is the most carnivorous member of the bear family, and throughout most of its range, its diet primarily consists of ringed (Pusa hispida) and bearded seals (Erignathus barbatus).
Polar bears are the largest land carnivores in the world, rivaled only by the Kodiak brown bears of southwestern Alaska. Polar bears sit at the top of the food chain in the biologically rich Arctic. The most carnivorous of the bear species, polar bears feed primarily on the fat of ice-dependent seals. The remains of these seals provide food for many other Arctic wildlife species, giving polar bears a vital role in their ecosystem.
Distribution
Native: Canada (Labrador, Manitoba, Newfoundland, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Québec, Yukon); Greenland; Norway; Russian Federation (Krasnoyarsk, North European Russia, West Siberia, Yakutiya); Svalbard and Jan Mayen; United States (Alaska) Presence uncertain: Iceland.
Threats
Anthropogenic and natural changes in Arctic environments.

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