Our Neighborhood's Biodiversity Map

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Europe
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Shared by : Bharat Adhikari (Nepal)
Habitat : Europe
Status : Endangered (EN)
Introduction
The short-tailed albatross or Steller's albatross is a large rare seabird from the North Pacific. Although related to the other North Pacific albatrosses, it also exhibits behavioral and morphological links to the albatrosses of the Southern Ocean. It was described by the German naturalist Peter Simon Pallas from skins collected by the Georg Wilhelm Steller (after whom its other common name is derived). Once common, it was brought to the edge of extinction by the trade in feathers, but with protection has recently made a recovery.
The short-tailed albatross is a medium-sized albatross, with a wingspan of 215 to 230 cm (85-91 in), a length of 84 to 94 cm (33-37 in) and a body weight that can be 4.3 to 8.5 kg (9.5-18.7 lb.). Among standard measurements, the bill is 12.7-15.2 cm (5.0-6.0 in) long, the tail is 14-15.2 cm (5.5-6.0 in) long, the tarsus around 10 cm (3.9 in) and the wing chord 51 cm (20 in). These birds feed mainly on squid.
Habitat
Short-tailed albatrosses now nest on four islands, with the majority of birds nesting on Torishima, and almost all of the rest on Minami-kojima in the Senkaku Islands.
Threats
Habitat loss, exploitation.

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