Our Neighborhood's Biodiversity Map

* Please click the continent to see the endangered species of our neighborhood.
Europe
Arkive species - Lammergeier (Gypaetus barbatus) * To See the original image, please click the image
Shared by : Konstantinos- Eirinaios Tsiampouris (Greece)
Region : Greece
Status : Near Threatened
Introduction
Gypaetus is a bird of prey. Its length is around 1 to 1.5m and its wingspan may sometimes reach 3m. However, its weight is only 5 to 8kg. Gypaetus is the biggest bird. in Europe and one of the biggest birds of prey in the entire world.
The name "Gypaetus" comes from the Greek words "Gypas" (carrion) and "Aetos" (eagle) because even though it has the magnificence of an eagle, its nutrition comes merely from dead animals. The name "Barbatus" comes from the fact that the lower part of its beak looks like a beard. Several years ago, one was able to notice this species in any mountainous region of Greece. It lives on high mountains with gorges. It spends all of his life on the same area.

Gypaetus can be found in other mountains of the world (e.g. Alpes, Turkey mountains, Himalayas, Ethiopia).
The conservation status, according to IUCN "Red List of Threatened Species", of Gypaetus Barbatus is Least Concern (LC) which means that it is not about to extinct soon. However, since this species does not travel, its extinction from one place will mean that it will never turn back. In Greece and Europe this species is on the verge of extinction. It has totally extinct from continental Greece and at the moment it exists only on the island "Crete" where 25 animals of this species have been found, but only 4 couples of them. These birds eat mostly bodies of dead animals, cleaning the mountains from them. Also, it is the only species that can consume large bones, such as the lamb's fermur. These bones are decomposed in their stomach within 24 hours! The number of this species has been dramatically declining since 1990 because of the decrease of stock farming and the rule of obligatory burying of dead animals which was their main source of energy.

Lastly, one of the reasons for this problem is illegal hunting and the poisonous baits.
Many ecological organizations ask for the placement of feeders as an urgent measure to the survival of this species.



Sources :
http://www.ornithologiki.gr/page_cn.php?aID=907
http://www.wwf.gr/el/endangered-species
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gypaetus_barbatus

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