Our Neighborhood's Biodiversity Map

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Middle East
Dugong Marsa Alam ARKive image - Dugong * To See the original image,
   please click the image
Shared by : Arushi Madan and Aishwarya GaneshRam (UAE)
Region : Arabian Peninsula
Status : Vulnerable
Introduction
The dugong (Dugong dugon) are large marine mammals and are also called Sea Cows The IUCN lists the dugong as a species vulnerable to extinction, while the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species limits or bans the trade of derived products.
How easily you could have seen them in the past, how endangered they are
With its long lifespan of 70 years or more, and slow rate of reproduction, the dugong is especially vulnerable to extinction. The dugong has been hunted for thousands of years for its meat and oil. The Persian Gulf has the second-largest dugong population in the world The United Arab Emirates has banned all hunting of Dugongs within its waters, as has Bahrain. The UAE has additionally banned drift net fishing.
How important role they are playing in the local ecosystem
It is also the only Sirenian in its range, which spans the waters of at least 37 countries. The dugong is the only strictly marine herbivorous mammal Dugong numbers have decreased in recent times. For a population to remain stable, 95 per cent of adults must survive the span of one year. If dugongs do not get enough to eat they produce fewer young. Food shortages are caused by many factors, such as a loss of habitat, death and decline in quality of seagrass, and a disturbance of feeding caused by human activity. Sewage, detergents, heavy metal, hypersaline water, herbicides, and other waste products all negatively affect seagrass meadows. Human activity such as mining, trawling, dredging, land-reclamation, and boat propeller scarring also adds to this.
What kind of history they had in your region
In the Gulf states, Dugongs served not only as a source of food, but their tusks were used as sword handles. Traditional hunting has great cultural significance throughout its range. Dugongs have played a role in legends in Kenya, and the animal is known there as the Queen of the Sea. It s Body parts are used as food, medicine, and decorations.

Sources :
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dugong

1 Comments

  • SREELAKSHMI says :
    Thanks for the information.
    Posted 08-08-2016 23:41

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