Our Neighborhood's Biodiversity Map

* Please click the continent to see the endangered species of our neighborhood.
North America
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Shared by : Sumit Chowdhury (Bangladesh), Aaditya Singh (Austria)
Habitat : North America- Cozumel Island, off the coast of Mexico. Primarily inhabits mangrove forests, and sandy wetlands near the coastline of the island but small populations also exist in some other parts of the island
Status : Critically Endangered
Markedly smaller and easy to distinguish from the common raccoon because of its broad black throat band and golden yellow tail.
Fur over the upper body is buff-grey ticked with occasional black hairs, while the underparts and legs are pale buff in color.
The Cozumel raccoon or the pygmy raccoon is a species of raccoon endemic to the Cozumel Island, off the coast of Mexico. The raccoon primarily inhabits the mangrove forests, and sandy wetlands near the coastline of the island but small populations also exist in some other parts of the island. Only a few hundred raccoons survive today, leading to their classification as critically endangered by the IUCN.
Distribution and habitat
These raccoons are so extremely endangered because of their small geographic range. They are endemic to Cozumel Island, an island around 478 square kilometres (185 sq mi) in area, lying off the east coast of the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico. Cozumel Island supports several other carnivores, including the dwarf coati (Nasua narica nelsoni) and dwarf gray fox (Urocyon sp.). Islands usually lack terrestrial mammals, especially carnivores, making the Cozumel raccoon and the others unique. On the island, the raccoons inhabit a range of habitats, but are primarily limited to the mangrove forests and sandy wetlands in the northwest tip of the island. However, they have also been captured in semi-evergreen forests and agricultural lands surrounding these preferred habitats and in the Punta Sur ecological park at the south end of the island.
Developmental activities on Cozumel Island, especially for tourism purposes, are held responsible for decimating pygmy raccoon populations in the wild. Invasive species introduced to the island by humans like domesticated dogs and cats have also spread diseases among the raccoon population.
Conservation actions on the Cozumel Island have thus focused on preserving raccoon habitat by restricting the developmental activities on the island. A bar to the entry of human owned pets to the island is also needed to conserve the raccoons.

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