Our Neighborhood's Biodiversity Map

* Please click the continent to see the endangered species of our neighborhood.
South America
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Shared by : Aaditya Singh (Austria)
Habitat : outh America- Freshwater environments in Colombia and Venezuela, in particular the Orinoco River and its tributaries
Status : Critically Endangered
About
Among the largest living reptiles, as well as the largest predator in the Americas.
Relatively long snout, pale tan hide that can change colour over long periods of time.
Diet consists of large fish, their relatively narrow snout being ideally suited to minimize water resistance in capturing prey. However, any animal living within its range could be considered a potential meal, such as reptiles, birds, and mammals.
Threats
Extensively hunted for their skins in the 19th and 20th centuries.
During the 1940s to the 1960s, thousands of were slaughtered in the Orinoco River and the Llanos wetlands, and the species came very close to extinction.
High levels of habitat alteration, pollution, and contamination.
Collection of juveniles for sale in the live animal trade.
Proposal of a dam in the upper Orinoco River region.
Increased population of spectacled caimans, a smaller crocodilian that can outcompete the Orinoco crocodile for fish due to its much larger population and much more accelerated breeding rates.
Efforts
Was given protected status in the 1970s, but has yet to recover. Today, it is protected both in Colombia and Venezuela.
41 orinoco crocodiles were reintroduced between May 2015 and February 2016,.at El Tuparro National Natural Park in eastern Colombia through Proyecto Vida Silvestre, a conservation program launched in 2014.

Photo & Reference
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Orinoco_Crocodile_(Crocodylus_intermedius)_(35279140461).jpg
http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/5661/0
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orinoco_crocodile
http://www.waza.org/en/zoo/choose-a-species/reptiles/crocodiles/crocodylus-intermedius

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