Our Neighborhood's Biodiversity Map

* Please click the continent to see the endangered species of our neighborhood.
South America
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Shared by : Aaditya Singh (Austria)
Habitat : South America- 800km2 area in the state of Bahia, Brazil (very limited distribution)
Status : Endangered
About
Small, perennial, fleshy cactus that grows at altitudes between 450 and 600 m.
Up to 3.6 inches (9 cm) tall and up to 3.6 inches (9 cm) in diameter.
On the bright green body there are 8 to 9 (or more) rounded ribs and brownish-gray or white clusters of recurved spines.
Mature plants have a globose cephalium, a wool- and bristle-coated structure at the apex of the plant, containing a mass of areoles from which the small flowers grow.
The red, cephalium of the plant resembles the Fez hat of the Turkish male citizens.
Pink edible fruits resemble the shape of pepper fruits.
Threats
Habitat loss due to Agriculture-driven deforestation, ranching and urbanisation.
Collection from the wild by local communities due to the belief that they keep away evil spirits.
Efforts
Not known to occur in any protected areas.

Photo & Reference
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Melocactus_deinacanthus_1e.jpg
http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/40915/0
http://eol.org/pages/5175756/overview
https://granthaminstitute.com/2016/03/02/on-the-brink-10-south-american-species-endangered-by-environmental-change/

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