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Suraj kc

Year-Prize: The 9th Eco-generation Environmental Essay Competition     Item: Fight against illegal trade in wildlife

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Fight Against Illegal Trade In wildlife
Illegal trade of wildlife in my country and its effect in future generations

Winner's name: Suraj kc (Nepal)
Prize: Honorable Mention

From the dawn of civilizations, humans are in a continence effort for the betterment of their survival. We are concerned for a better lifestyle and easy survival each moment. Our every acts and deeds do have a direct objective for our betterment. While concerning in being better and better as far as possible we have overshadow  the existence of others. Each year, hundreds of millions of plants and animals are caught or harvested from the wild and then sold as food, pets, ornamental plants, leather, tourist curios, and medicine.
Wildlife is indeed a national pride of global importance. It do have socio-cultural, economical, spiritual, medicinal and  other values. Since, beginning of civilization, man has been hunting wild animals for their needs. Nepal being a country of temples, god and goddess do have an ethical effect over the activities of peoples here. For instance, the display of hunted trophies by the Royal family is an age old practice symbolizing social status which is now prevalent among riches. During Malla regime also,  maps and important documents were written in the skin of deer and other wildlife. People here believe that wearing bangles made up of Rhino horn  prevent evil spirits. With the increase in the population and consumer?s economy  demand for wildlife product has been increased substantially.  Wildlife trafficking, which involves ruthless and excessive capture and non-sustainable utilization of wild species poses, a severe threat to endangered species . 
Selling or exchanging the products of wildlife is known as wildlife trade. Illegal wildlife trade involves the illegal gathering, illegal distribution of wildlife products within the country and transportation of wild animals and their products in and out of the country, in violation of applicable laws and other regulations. The world is dealing with an unprecedented spike in wildlife trade threatening  to overturn decades of conservation gains on the whole eco-system. With overexploitation being the second biggest problem to many species after habitat loss, different governmental organizations, Funds , NGOs and INGOS  are addressing illegal and unsustainable wildlife trade as a priority issue. But, the primary motivating factor for wildlife trade is economic gain in a short time. Between, the ultimate users and collectors of wildlife  any number of middle men may be involved in illegal wildlife trade . So, most of us are involved in animal trade knowingly, unknowingly.
But, we are being more concerned nowadays  in conserving wildlife and to fight against illegal wildlife trade. Being specific over Nepal, several positive results are infront of us, due to hard effort from the activists, governmental officials and every individual which are at least a bit concerned about conservation of wildlife. As, poaching rate across Asia and other regions have been climbing steeply, Nepal has bucked the trend. Nepal has already celebrated two zero poaching years. Being a small landlocked country with unstable government and policies and decade of Maoist war , it is able to safeguard its iconic species even in the face of escalating Asian demand for wildlife contraband. When a vibe to conserve the wildlife species and to reduce poaching and illegal trade comes, Nepal can be a true example. Nepal?s iconic Chitwan National Park was once a major poaching area is now a completely poaching free conservation area for wildlife specially for endangered One-horned rhino. Country has also established a Wildlife Crime Control Bureau to root out the network of wildlife traffickers. These types of several initiations and efforts have finally helped to stop illegal trade and extinction of valuable and endangered species. Wild tigers are disappearing in such an alarming rate that the species could get completely extinct over 20 years. But, Tiger?s population is also increasing in Nepal. This is really a worth mentioning job made by National parks, conservation areas, government officials, soldiers, wildlife experts and activists who has helped directly or indirectly.
Wildlife is a huge source of National economy because yearly thousands of tourists are here to see those endangered species. Wildlife is actually a subject of pride. In other hand, ecosystem get balanced when the number of wild animals  is in good proportion. Several organizations and Funds are here . They are working quite effectively. For instance, WWF and IFAW can be vibrant examples . They have worked to fight against animal violence, they have raised a type of global awareness among peoples that we should stop animal extinction and illegal animal trade.
To stop animal trafficking  in short time is really a challenge, but if we all unite and if we become able to make other understand about importance of wildlife, stopping illegal trade can be minor. Secondly, we can join our hands with NGOS and several organizations. We can get a lot of benefits through Information and communication technologies in stopping illegal animal hunting and trade.
I think being an intelligent species over globe have also made a responsibility over us to secure existence of other creatures too by utilizing our intelligence because this world is a common beautiful asylum for thousands and million creatures which we see, feel, hear around our surrounding.


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