| Share facebook twitter | RSS



Year-Prize: The 11th Eco-generation Environmental Essay Competition     Item: Beat Plastic Pollution

Comments 4 Comments    recommendations 0 recommendations


Mutolyb Adeniran (Nigeria)

Honorable Mention


Plastic pollution is one of the contemporary challenges facing humanity. Day in day out, We use plastics as packages for many materials, and only a very small percentage are reused, recycled or properly disposed. A large number of them end up littering and polluting our environments. In most drainage, canals, streets and dumping grounds, plastic wastes occupy a very large percentage of the wastes. It is high time we find a lasting solution to this menace and three major solutions are imminent, to reuse plastic, refuse or reduce plastic materials. 
The various types of plastic used in the modern world in varying proportions include, ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene), Nylon (PA), Acetal (Polyoxymethylene POM), Acrylic (PMMA), Polycarbonate (PC), Polyethylene terephthalate (PETE or PET), Polyethylene (PE),  Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC), Polypropylene (PP), Polystyrene (PS), Polylactic Acid (PLA) etc.
The government of nations, citizens of the world, manufacturers, national and international organizations and humanitarian organizations has roles to play in bringing an end to this environmental pollution. This is our world and it is our utmost responsibility to build it pollution free.
Legislations should be made to reduce the use of plastic as packages for goods. Other alternatives such as use of reusable bags, boxes and containers should be adopted. Recently, Chicago and San Francisco made legislations to this effect. Other countries should also join the struggle. Also, manufacturers should be enjoined to use other methods for packing goods. The government is a powerful organ of policy formulation and enforcement, should governments assent this, and the rate of environmental plastic pollution will be reduced to the barest minimum.
Most of the plastic materials are used in food industries, the use of straws, disposable cups and plates, use of nylon and polyesters, etc should be reduced or stopped. In lieu, reusable bottles and spoons, reusing glass containers, going to the eatery with one's plates and cutlery, making fresh juice rather than buying the ones in public, and cooking one's meal should be adopted. This will drastically reduce the quantity of plastic wastes.
In addition, there should be a formidable plastic disposing system. The government should set this in place free or with little charges. Members of the public should also be enjoined to dispose plastic wastes properly in the right channel to reduce pollution. Plastic materials should be substituted with any possible alternative such as cans, boxes, containers etc.
Furthermore, reuse of plastic materials should be encouraged. This will reduce the volume of plastic wastes and make the world better. Statistics revealed that a great number of plastic wastes find their way into oceans and rivers, pollute the marine world and endanger the lives of aquatic animals. It is our responsibility to protect our world which also covers the marine world. 
Another viable method of curbing this scourge is recycling / plastic waste utilization. This is the process of breaking down and reusing of component parts of a substance to make another. Recycling will ensure that the plastic wastes are integrated and used to produce any other possible element or commodity. It has been confirmed that most plastic materials are non-biodegradable; hence, recycling is a viable solution to prevent plastic pollution. Plastics can be recycled to make clothes, plastic lumber, films, grocery bags, molding materials, carpets, containers etc. Plastic recycling can be done through thermal depolymerization from waste plastic pyrolysis to fuel oil, distributed recycling through recyclebots to make filaments of 3D printers, heat compression and compatibilization technique.
Although the rate of recycling is gradually increasing in some countries and as such is a clarion call to other countries. In 2008, 6.5% of US consumer plastic wastes were recycled and 7.7% were burned in energy. According to the Nation Plastic Waste Management Institute in 2014, Japan waste management utilization popped up to 83%, a commendable increase in relation to previous years.
Plastic wastes pose problems to humanity and we must do everything possible to end it. The use of plastic materials is inevitable, but it should be used with consideration to avoid pollution. In cases where other materials can be used, plastic should be avoided. Where the use of plastic is necessary, the recycling and reuse should be encouraged. We must reduce, refuse or reuse plastic wastes.
Imagine a world of plastic pollution, the safety of our health is in trouble, though we may continue to live, but we will not be able to live, like a human should do. For a better world, for a world we desire, free from toxins and impediments, environmental safety is paramount. For a safe and habitable environment, plastic pollution must be contained. Plastic pollution is a menace, if we cannot reuse it, then, we have to refuse it.


Viraaj Kulshreshtha

  • Manjesh Jha says :
    Congrats Mutolyb.
    Posted 31-10-2018 19:53

  • Aman Gangwar says :
    Posted 31-10-2018 19:46

Kajal Saini

  • Kajal Saini says :
    Congratulations Matolyb!!
    Posted 26-10-2018 14:08

Post a comment

Please sign in