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Essay

Jumrah Ahmad

Year-Prize: The 13th Eco-generation Environmental Essay Competition     Item: Time for Nature

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Become history or the return of biodiversity

 

Jumrah Ahmad (Indonesia)
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About 12 years ago I was an elementary school student who had just advanced to level 3. At that time all schools were required to wear batik uniforms on Wednesdays and Thursdays and it was the first time I got a batik uniform with an animal motif with grass along with shades of green. I was very interested in the batik uniform not only because it was the first time but the uniform motif was really very attractive. The most interesting thing in the uniform was the picture of a horned animal there, it was an animal that I had never seen before and did not exist in the kinds of animals that we used to teach us in school.Someone asked me to guess the name of the animal on the batik uniform I was wearing, because I didn't know I just called the animal a buffalo, the person chuckled at my answer, he explained that the animal in my batik uniform was one of the endemic animals of Sulawesi that was very stepping, people call it the name Anoa. This animal is typical of the island of Sulawesi and now the animal is almost nowhere to be found anymore.
Anoa is one of the names of animals that become steps and can only be seen from the pictures, not by its form, the decreasing forest where it lives because it is occupied by humans, and hunting is the reason why this animal is becoming a step and approaching extinction. It is possible that orangutans, Sumatran elephants and Sumatran tigers will experience the same thing. The decreasing number of forests in the world, including Indonesia, is a real threat to all animals, plants including humans themselves. Indonesia, which is one of the lungs of the world for several years, has shown a serious problem with the decreasing number of forests that have turned into plantation or mining land, coupled with the problem of forest fires that seem to have endless haunting the survival of the animals that live there. As the report quoted from (Mufti Fathul Barri 2018)in Forest Watch Indonesia, if in the 2009-2013 period, 1.13 million hectares of Indonesian forests were lost every year, which is the rate of loss equivalent to 3 times the area of a football field per minute. as it is known that Indonesia itself is the home of 270 amphibian species, 515 species of mammals, and 38,000 species of plants, 55% of which are plants. endemic, so it is very worrying if fires and land clearing continue. Including the three animal names that I mentioned earlier, the Orangutan, the Sumatran Elephant and the Sumatran Tiger, which are one of the typical Indonesian animals that are currently in a crisis phase for the sustainability of their habitat. As a report quoted from (Aulia 2017), if The Nature Conservancy (TNC) reports the shrinkage of Bornean orangutans since the last 10 years, which is around 25%, and in fact the decline in the orangutan population is directly proportional to the shrinking of the forest area, which in 2016 according to the current TNC report Orangutan population decreased from 0.45-0.76 individuals / km2 to 0.13-0.47 individuals
Not much different from the problems experienced by the Sumatran Elephants which are contained in the infographic (Frendy 2018)where in the latest data in 2014 the Sumatran Elephant population was 1,724 decreasing from 2007. about 2,400-2,800 head.namely the shrinking of the forest population due to fires and land clearing for plantations, even in the latest data released by (KLHK 2020)during 2011-2017 the population of Sumatran elephants reached 700 individuals, where local extinctions occurred in 20 bags. habitat, and currently in Sumatra only 22 pockets of habitat are left and is also experiencing a crisis period. Likewise with other typical Sumatran animals, namely the Sumatran tiger, which is the pride of Indonesia. Since 1990 it has become an animal that is protected by the government in accordance with Law No.5 of 1990 concerning the conversion of biological natural resources and its ecosystem, it cannot save this typical animal from the threat of extinction, even the 2004 data has a population of less than 400 individuals and is estimated to be in the year 2015 there were only 192 Sumatran tigers in Riau, which are the home of a third of the animal population (Bhayu 2018).km2 living in 16,013,600 hectares of habitat spread across 42 population groups.
The decline in forest population is the main cause of the decreasing population of the habitat of the above animals, besides forest fires, hunting, climate change, and conflicts with humans are the causes of their habitat threat. Some people may not care about the habitat of these animals because for them there is no difference whether or not these animals are on earth, but if they really understand how big the contribution these animals have made to human life I am sure if they will take the vanguard to get involved in preserving the habitat of these animals and keeping the environment green. Regardless of all that, what I think right now is about animals that will only become the history of human life in the future. The children of the future may never be able to see these step animals firsthand, and they will only study it as the history of the animals that have lived on our earth. In fact, I've heard a joke that in a few decades the forest will only become a history on earth. But I really worry if we don't even have time for that, because maybe before that we will be creatures that perish due to lack of oxygen and various natural disasters due to extreme climate change. That is why we need to restore ecosystems and biodiversity to ensure the continuity of all creatures on earth, including us humans.

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