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Ambassador report

Ambassador report

[Ambassador report] Biodiversity

by Hnin Phyu Sin | 20-05-2019 18:38 Comments 4 Comments recommendations 1 recommendations

According to the WWF (World Wildlife Fund), biodiversity is all the different kinds of life that we will find in one area_ the variety of animals, plants, fungi and microorganisms like bacteria that make up our natural world.
“Biodiversity as a whole forms a shield protecting each of the species that together compose it, ourselves included”__ E.O.Wilson, “Half-Earth”
In the mean of biodiversity, there are several ecosystem diversities; including forest ecosystems, freshwater ecosystems, coastal and marine ecosystems, mountain ecosystems, agricultural ecosystem, and species diversities; wild species diversity and domesticated biodiversity.
For human survival, biodiversity is the essential thing and it can provide ecosystem services like food and medicine, many other supplements that is important for the human health (clean air, clean water, healthy soil, and diversity of raw materials including wood, biofuels and plant oils). Moreover, it maintains our ecosystem to be balanced and giver resilience to us.
According to the Global assessment Report by the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem services, around 1 million animal and plant species are now threatened with extinction. This is the result of humans’ pressure (using and consuming more resources than ever before). Human overexploited the natural resources and make the ecosystem to reach the unhealthy situation. These conditions lead to disaster and climate crisis to our environment.
In Myanmar, the history pattern of conserving environment include using religious practices that ban hunting, fishing in sacred areas to traditional cultivation systems that protect riparian and watershed forests. Modern conservation efforts like establishment of protected areas which focus on protection of select species and habits to protection of entire landscapes and ecosystems are rooted in the early 1980s. Myanmar has a number of policies and regulations to safeguard the environment. They are:
(1)    National Environment Policy (1994)
(2)    Forest Policy (1995)
(3)    Myanmar Agenda 21 (1997)
(4)    National Sustainable development Strategy (2009)
The legislation mainly concerned with the natural resources and biodiversity are as follow,
(1)    Law Relating to Aquaculture (1989)
(2)    Pesticide Law (1990)
(3)    Freshwater Fisheries Law (1991)
(4)    Forest Law (1992)
(5)    Law relating to fishing rights of foreign fishing vessels (1993)
(6)    Myanmar Marine fisheries law (1993)
(7)    Myanmar Mines law (1994)
(8)    Protection of Wildlife and Protected Areas Law (1994)
(9)    Fertilizers Law (2002)
(10)Plant Pest Quarantine Law (2011)
(11)Seed Law (2011)
(12)Conservation of water resources and river law (2006)
(13)Environmental conservation law (2012)
(14)Animals health and development law (2012)
Although many laws and regulation were existed, the practices are rare and law enforcement is weak in Myanmar. Moreover, in the sector of penalties in those laws and regulations are required to updated and awareness giving to local people about these existing laws are needed. 
Forest tree


Kushal Naharki

  • Kushal Naharki says :
    Hello Hnin

    Thank you for your report about biodiversity

    Green Cheers from Nepal :)
    Keep writing great reports.
    We are eager to read more reports from you.

    Kushal Naharki

    Posted 17-06-2019 05:25

Wonhee Mentor

  • Wonhee Mentor says :
    Hello Hnin!

    Thank you for your detailed and informative report on the laws that have been enacted in Myanmar to protect the environments. In Korea, there are a lot of environment regulation laws that are not properly enforced. One of the reasons can be lack of awareness on environmental issues and also, lack of subsequent monitoring system. Thank you for bringing up this very important issue. Your report gives a clear message that laws must be complied and enforced by people. I look forward to your next report!

    Wonhee Mentor
    Posted 24-05-2019 12:07

Eco Generation

  • Eco Generation says :
    Greetings Hnin,

    You've managed to write about the realistic side of biodiversity in this report.
    As mentioned, there are many types of rules and laws to regulate this issue, however, it is quite saddening that the actual enforcement is quite weak.
    I hope that people can acknowledge the seriousness of this issue and take action along with the goverenment - sooon.
    Keep us updated in this issue and keep writing great reports!

    Eco Generation
    Posted 23-05-2019 09:58

Louis Mentor

  • Louis Mentor says :
    Hi Hnin,

    Thank you for your report on biodiversity, and I totally agree to your statement that For human survival, biodiversity is the essential thing and it can provide ecosystem services like food and medicine, many other supplements that is important for the human health. We cannot separate ourselves from biodiversity and it is true that we are also a part of this big biodiversity. As biodiversity is an essential thing, we should definitely protect it and maintain it. I hope the laws and regulations can be effective in protecting our environment. Good job!

    Louis Mentor
    Posted 23-05-2019 00:52

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