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Ambassador report

Ambassador report

[Ambassador report] BIODIVERSITY IN NEPAL: Importance, Threats and Conservation

by Bharat Adhikari | 20-05-2019 23:51 Comments 11 Comments recommendations 1 recommendations


Nepal is a landlocked country situated in the central part of the Himalayas between China and India. Nepal is divided into three physiographic areas: Himal, Pahad and Terai. Nepal is rich in biodiversity because of its unique geographic features, so we can find many types of flora and fauna here in Nepal.

A total of 118 different ecosystems have been identified in Nepal, including 112 forest ecosystems, four cultivation ecosystems, one water body ecosystem and one glacier/snow/rock ecosystem.These ecosystems range from the tall grasslands, marshlands and tropical and subtropical broadleaf forests along the Tarai and Siwalik Hills to the subtropical and tropical broadleaf and conifer forests in the Middle Mountains.

Forests, together with shrub lands, covered 39.6 percent of the Nepal’s land area in 1994. Nepal is ranked 25th and 11th positions in biodiversity richness in the world and Asia, respectively. Nepal occupies about 0.1 per cent of the global area, but harbours 3.2 per cent and 1.1 per cent of the world’s known flora and fauna, respectively. About 5.2 per cent of the world’s known mammals, 9.5 per cent birds, 5.1 per cent gymnosperms and 8.2 per cent bryophytes are reported in Nepal. A total of 284 species of flowering plants, 160 animal species and 14 species of herpetofauna are reportedly endemic to Nepal. The diverse climatic and topographic conditions in Nepal have also favoured maximum diversity of agricultural crops, their wild relatives and animal species.

Also  there are alpine meadows above the treeline and mixed and conifer forests in the High Mountains. Among the rangeland ecosystems, the tropical savannas and alpine meadows are exceptionally rich in biodiversity. Nepalese wetlands have very significant ecological significance, as they provide habitat for many threatened and endemic species of flora and fauna and serve as resting places for many migratory and globally threatened birds. The wetlands also have high cultural and economic significance.

Importance of Biodiversity in Nepal:

Biodiversity is closely related and important to us. The economy of Nepal is very much dependent on the use of natural resources.

Some importances of Biodiversity are:

-Development and Promotion of Tourism

-Provide more Animal Products and Plant Products

-Speed Recovery from Natural Disasters.

-Environmental Balance

-Economic Development

-Soil and Watershed Conservation

-Integral part of Culture and Identity.

Threats to Biodiversity in Nepal:

The flora and fauna of Nepal have been facing the threat of extinction, which could unfortunately come true in the next few years.

Some of Major threats are:

-Loss and degradation of natural habitats, such as forests, grasslands and wetlands due to the expansion of settlements

-Unsustainable Agriculture and infrastructure

-Human-Wildlife Conflict

-Over Exploitation

-Environmental pollution

-Poaching and Illegal Wildlife Trade

-Global Warming and Climate Change

- Deforestation and Urbanisation

-Overgrazing by livestock

-Fire, Flood and Landslide

-Invasion by Alien Species etc.

Conservation of Biodiversity:

Nepal is also a party to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), 1992 and has submitted five reports to the CBD.. Nepal has several policies for the conservation of biodiversity. Strict rules should be implemented for the conservation of Biodiversity. All of us should be encouraged to participate in conservation activities of wild plants and animals. Various programs should be organized for its conservation. Also, captive breedings and seed banks play a vital role in biodiversity conservation. Afforestation programs should be done and public participation is very necessary for this.

Let’s Conserve our Biodiversity Together. :) :)

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Kushal Naharki

  • Kushal Naharki says :
    Hello Bharat bro

    Thank you for your report on biodiversity.

    Green Cheers :)
    Posted 17-06-2019 05:20

Bharat Adhikari

Saba Iakobidze

  • Saba Iakobidze says :
    Hi Bharat,

    Good report on Nepal Biodiversity - it looks like Nepal is beautiful and one of the unique places in the world with its nature.

    I agree the risks associated with loos of biodiversity needs further attention and care.

    Thanks for it!

    Regards from Tbilisi, Georgia

    Posted 29-05-2019 03:53

Louis Mentor

  • Louis Mentor says :
    Hi Bharat,

    Thank you for sharing with us about biodiversity in Nepal. Thanks to your report, I have gained good understanding about your country! As far as I know, Nepal is a country which has a variety of species, rich in biodiversity, yet due to the recent rapid environmental changes, I have heard that biodiversity in Nepal has been greatly influenced and decreased in number. It is great to hear that Nepal government is implementing regulations to combat with potential threats so as to protect them. I really enjoyed reading your report and please keep up with the good work!

    Louis Mentor
    Posted 26-05-2019 17:12

Wonhee Mentor

  • Wonhee Mentor says :
    Hello Bharat,

    Thank you for your wonderful report on biodiversity in Nepal! Your report covers all the details on biodiversity in Nepal from why it is important to how we can conserve it. Also, the way you categorized the contents make it very easy for your readers to follow.
    Given the statistics you have provided, it seems that Nepal is home of diverse endemic animals. As being a member of CBD means that the government should monitor the change of biodiversity and initiate programs to conserve it, I hope Nepal can preserve these beautiful gifts forever. Keep up the good work!

    Wonhee Mentor
    Posted 25-05-2019 23:05

Eco Generation

  • Eco Generation says :
    Greetings Bharat,

    Thank you for sharing with us about Nepal. I belive this report has covered pretty much all about Nepal in respect to biodiversity. After reading this, it actually made me interested in visiting the country myself because it sounds amazing.
    Keep writing informative reports like this!

    Eco Generation

    Posted 23-05-2019 09:34

Bharat Adhikari

Prashamsa Bhusal

  • Prashamsa Bhusal says :
    'BIODIVERSITY is the way,so don't let nature go Astray'&#127757&#127807
    Posted 21-05-2019 17:13

Elizaveta Zaretskaya

Asmita Gaire

  • Asmita Gaire says :
    Hello bharat dai
    Thank you for this piece of report.
    These challenges are true hurdles to all the creatures.
    Green cheers!
    Posted 21-05-2019 01:48

Rosa Domingos

  • Rosa Domingos says :
    Hey there Bharat!

    I hope you are well. Nepal truely has a wide variety of species. And with that they are being threatened by poaching, deforestation and Pollution. Its really good to know that Nepal has been putting regulations in place to combat the threats against species.

    Your report was knowledge bound and well written!

    Thank you so much for reporting!
    Warm regards,
    Posted 21-05-2019 00:53

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