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Ambassador report

Ambassador report

[Ambassador report] Biodiversity in Nepal

by Kushal Naharki | 02-08-2019 21:22 Comments 13 Comments recommendations 1 recommendations



We already had Biodiversity themed many mothly reports on may. I read many great reports about the biodiversity of their region and wrote about Nepal too. This report is the detailed report on how diverse is the biodiversity of our country Nepal. As I am studying Agribiodiversity as one of the subjects in my seventh semester of undergraduate agriculture study, I thought of writing the detailed report of the biodiversity of my country.

BIODIVERSITY refers to the variety of life, and includes all living things (plants, animals and micro-organisms) and their unique characteristics.

 

Components of Biodiversity

I)               Ecosystem Biodiversity: It can mean the variety of habitats, living communities and ecological processes in an ecosystem.

II)           Genetic Biodiversity: It can mean the variety of species in a given area.

III)       Species Biodiversity: It can mean the diversity of genetic characteristics within a species.

 

Status of Biodiversity in Nepal

Nepal has varied geographical stuructures from plain land, high hills to the snow capped mountains which has created the space for the various ranges of biodiversity in Nepal. Nepal’s contribution to the global diversity:

Birds - 9.3%

Reptiles- 1.6%

Butterflies- 2.6%

Fishes- 2.2%

Flowering Plants- 2.6%

Mammals- 4.6%

 

Nepal is also know as the hotspot of the biodiversity. Out of 200 vegetable species 50 species are in cultivation. There are 71 wild relative of fruits under 42 genera e.g. Wild apple (Mallus spp) locally known as `Edimayal' and `Surkhilo' are indigenous to Karnali zone. Nepal has floral diversity of:

Flowering plants- 6500 species

Endemic Plants- 375 species

Medicinal Plants- 700 Species

Fungi- 1822  species

Lichen- 465 species

Algae- 687 species

 

Faunal Diversity

Mammals- 182 species

Birds-863 species

Herpetofauna-143 species

Fishes- 185 species

Butterflies- 640 species

Moth- 600 species

Spider-144 species

 

Drivers of Change

With the several anthropogenic activities, there has been a reduction in biodiversity all over the globe. Some of the drivers of change are:

1.  Demographic change: Increasing population and their activities have been the major driver for change

2.  Climate Change: Impacts of the climate change has been seen in many field leaving no behind in the field of biodiversity too.

3.  Negligence of the local and traditional biodiversity

4.  Deletion of natural resources and unsustianble utilization of the resources  

Biodiversity of Nepal Me planting a tree

13 Comments

Kushal Naharki

Louis Mentor

  • Louis Mentor says :
    Hi Kushal,

    Thank you for your report regarding the biodiversity in Nepal. In fact Nepal is renowned for its luxuriant natural resources and biodiversity. I hope Nepal government can take care of their valuable resources well for future generations! Great work.

    Louis Mentor
    Posted 18-08-2019 19:02

Kushal Naharki

Wonhee Mentor

  • Wonhee Mentor says :
    Hello Kushal

    Thanks to several detailed report on biodiversity of Nepal, I've learnt that Nepal inhibits a vast biodiversity including a great number of indigenous species. Your report has managed to provide statistics and more detailed information on the uniqueness of biodiversity in Nepal. Keep up the good work!

    Wonhee Mentor
    Posted 06-08-2019 21:50

Kushal Naharki

  • Kushal Naharki says :
    You are welcome @Balkrishna
    Indeed we have great biodiversity and in need of the protection of the biodiversity.
    Green cheers :) :)
    Posted 03-08-2019 21:37

Bal krishna Pandey

  • Bal krishna Pandey says :
    Hi there kushal.
    Yes we are rich in biodiversity and still there are many hidden creatures too. The challange arising is to conserve these components of the nature earth.
    I loved your post. Thanks for the knowledge.
    Posted 03-08-2019 19:52

Kushal Naharki

  • Kushal Naharki says :
    You are welcome @Himani
    Posted 03-08-2019 01:00

Himani Chand

  • Himani Chand says :
    Well it's my great privilege to be in touch with you and learn from you about many things. Thank you daii for this report.
    Posted 03-08-2019 00:36

Rosa Domingos

  • Rosa Domingos says :
    You are welcome!

    You always do the same for me! :)
    Posted 02-08-2019 22:51

Kushal Naharki

  • Kushal Naharki says :
    Thank you @Rosa
    Its great to have fellow ambassador like you who always there to support the fellow ambassadors post
    Green Cheers :)
    Posted 02-08-2019 22:26

Kushal Naharki

Rosa Domingos

  • Rosa Domingos says :
    Hey there Kushal!

    I hope you are well! I remember you had written a few articles pertaining to biodiversity and specifically the biodiversity of Nepal. You had also written about the endangered species in Nepal and you really informed us about the species variation and what the authorities in Nepal are doing to protect the species.

    I am really grateful that you compiled this report, and moreover it speaks to what you are currently studying which is great!

    Thank you for keeping the front as an ambassador for Nepal!
    With gratitude,
    Ms. Rosa Tiimuma Domingos
    Posted 02-08-2019 22:08

Rafa Mohammed Ashique

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