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Ambassador report

Ambassador report

[Ambassador report] Theme report - November: Marine Conservation in Austria

by Aaditya Singh | 17-11-2019 21:39 Comments 6 Comments recommendations 0 recommendations



Marine conservation in Austria


Why should water conservation be important in Austria

Austria has an average annual precipitation of around 1,100 mm therefore making it one of Europe’s most water-wealthy countries.

Water plays an integral part in the generation of energy

Rivers, brooks and lakes provide unique habitats for numerous animals and plants. Water has a climate-regulating effect.

Therefore this also makes marine conservation a challenge that the country must deal with to sustain this precious asset. The protection and sustainable utilization of water in general is a priority goal in Austria.


The Danube - Europe's second largest river and an important water source in Austria

A study was performed on Plastics in the Danube which revealed that about 40 tons of plastic are carried away from Austria along the River Danube each year. Most of it comes from “diffuse” sources. A 'Zero Pellets Loss Initiative' was launched by the plastics industry, the Austrian Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management to combat this problem. There are also technological improvements that are planned with the aim to further reduce the pressures of marine conservation.


Marine fish and Fishing in Europe

Marine fish are a diverse group of animals that play important roles in marine ecosystems. They are also  a major food source for marine and terrestrial mammals, notably humans. Europe is a prime example of this, where we have been fishing for millennia.  In spite of this, there are still “some” fish left in the sea, but not plenty. 

This problem is mainly towards megafauna which in terrestrial zoology, means large or giant animals. Exactly how many and what types, or species, are left, is revealed in the paper “'Coherent assessments of Europe’s marine fishes show regional divergence and megafauna loss”.  Large fish are at risk in Europe, the bigger the fish species the more likely it is to be threatened with extinction. In fact, over 50% of all species which grow to a size of 1.5 metres or more are threatened with extinction. 

Many of these are cartilaginous fish including sharks, skates and rays, but they also include sturgeons and some other fish.  Large fish species are more susceptible to threats such as overfishing, because they grow slower, take longer to mature and have fewer offspring. This leads to them being more sought out for.


How Europe is tackling the problem

Over-exploitation has declined recently ever since the responsible catch limits proposed by the European Commission in the Atlantic, the North Sea and the Baltic Sea were introduced. Today, 53 out of 76 stocks for which data are available are fished sustainably – compared to 44 stocks in 2017 and just 5 stocks in 2009. For stocks managed wholly by the EU, 97% by volume are being fished at sustainable levels.

The European Commission has made these sea basins a priority for targeted action. Following last year’s 'MedFish4Ever' Declaration for the Mediterranean and the 'Bucharest' Declaration for the Black Sea, the Commission is now working with international partners to translate the political commitments made into tangible next steps.


Sources and References

https://ec.europa.eu/fisheries/tackling-overfishing-%E2%80%93-eu-push-sustainability-shows-results_en

https://natureecoevocommunity.nature.com/users/41732-paul-g-fernandes/posts/17206-big-fish-trouble-in-europe-especially-the-mediterranean

 

 

6 Comments

Hyeongmin Mentor

  • Hyeongmin Mentor says :
    Hello Aaditya

    Thank you for the explanation about the marine preservation in Austria.
    One of the most discrete thing about the effort to preserve the environment in Austria is that it is continuing its effort with neighboring countries in a very productive way.
    This kind of cooperation with neighboring countries is something that countries in other continents should take as a role model. In that case, I'm sure that most of the difficulties in preserving the environment can be overcome.

    Thank you for the informative report.

    Keep up the great work.
    Posted 21-11-2019 14:49

Kushal Naharki

  • Kushal Naharki says :
    Hello Aaditya

    I do hope that you are fine and doing great with your works.
    Thank you for your report about November: Marine Conservation in Austria

    Green Cheers from Nepal :)
    Keep writing great reports.
    We are eager to read more reports from you.

    Regards,
    Kushal Naharki

    Posted 19-11-2019 15:33

Lisa Mentor

  • Lisa Mentor says :
    Hey Aaditya,
    it's Lisa again.

    I think the problem of extinction and being endangered is more serious for the big fish for they are easily spotted and considered more valuable for humans. It's great to see that Europe through international cooperation is tackling the issue and I have heard that similar things are going on in different regions of the world. Yet, always the problem with these kinds of international commitment is that often times, they lack the authority to enforce the states to abide by them. I believe that international governance should be taken into consideration more important because if we don't have a super-government to govern the states, we have to reach a consensus and agreement at which all the states can willingly and voluntarily follow the common rules.

    Great job on your report and thanks for sharing the story of your country.
    Posted 18-11-2019 18:34

Meena Pandey

  • Meena Pandey says :
    Hello Aaditya!!
    I hope you are fine and doing great.

    Its great knowing about marine conservation in Austria.

    Keep writing and shining.

    Yours,
    Meena
    Posted 18-11-2019 16:46

Asmita Gaire

  • Asmita Gaire says :
    Hello aaditya
    I hope you are fine
    Thank you so much for sharing us about marine conservation in Austria.
    Nice report.
    Green cheers!
    Regards
    Asmita Gaire
    Posted 18-11-2019 14:01

Nikolay Dagaev

  • Nikolay Dagaev says :
    Hello Aaditya! Thank you for sharing the state of problems related to water resources in Austria.
    It was particularly interesting to learn how the Austrian government is addressing the environmental problems of the country's water resources.
    Posted 18-11-2019 06:39

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