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Ambassador report

Ambassador report

[Ambassador report] Food Resources of India

by Chitwan C | 22-11-2019 03:25 Comments 3 Comments recommendations 0 recommendations

Food Resource in India


Every living being needs food resources to live. Food resources consists of plants, agriculture, fisheries and animal husbandry. India has around 700 million people and more who depend upon agriculture for food production. The amount of land dedicated to food grain cropping has gone up over the years. The total land use for agriculture is around 170 million hectares. Around 12 million hectares of land is used as meadows and pastures and are utilized for animal husbandry. 


Animal husbandry also provides food resources as meat, milk, Egg, leather, woolens, etc. in India, goat meat is preferred with contribution of 57% or more to the total meat output in country.


Fisheries in India is also an important food resource. Both aqua and captured fisheries are practiced. In parts of Bihar, Assam, West Bengal, Orissa etc. such practices are more. About 40% of the total harvest comes from inland fisheries which could which consist of freshwater fishes. India also consist of 6000 km of coastline. Its exclusive economic zone consists of 2,000,000 km² which have fishes and other useful animals. The total potential of marine fisheries in India is about 3,900,000 tons per year net. 


Today India has the world’s largest dairy herd at over 304 strong and stand finest in milk production with 176.3 million tons of milk produced in 2017-18, at an average growth rate of 4.5 percent. India is the third largest egg producer in the world with 84 billion Egg production for the year 2017–2018 translating to a per capita egg consumption of 63 egg p.a. and market size of ₹.420 billion.


World Food problems include complex interaction among population growth, poverty, food production etc. Population in the world is growing at a faster rate. Producing food at higher rate than population will not solve this problem. Chronic hunger and famine are due to lack of access of food. In India there is a shortage of cultivable land farms and crop plants are very small. Poor agricultural practices are used. 194.4 million people are undernourished in India. By this measure 14.5% of the population is undernourished. It is ranked 103 out of 119 countries under the Global Hunger Index.


It thus stands at an average pedestal from the standpoint of food production. While it is acclaimed for an abundant food resource production, it still lags in feeding the mouths of the population severely. India has a long way to ensure food security and sustainable modern practices of agriculture.

Food Resources of India


Lisa Mentor

  • Lisa Mentor says :
    Hello Chitwan,
    it's your mentor Lisa.

    I think you are making a really great point here that we have already reached a point where we are able to produce the amount of food that is enough to feed the entire world, yet it's not happening which means there is a problem with the distribution of them. It's a huge irony that some of us in the world are throwing away the leftover foods or suffering from the diseases due to overfeeding while the others are starving to death. This really needs to be solved and this clearly can be solved!
    What do you think are the ways to redistribute the food in the world?

    I hope you have a chance to think about some ways yourself and other ambassadors you are welcomed to join!

    Thanks for the great report:)
    Posted 26-11-2019 15:41

Kushal Naharki

  • Kushal Naharki says :
    Hello Chitwan

    I do hope that you are fine and doing great with your works.
    Thank you for your report about Food Resources of India

    Green Cheers from Nepal :)
    Keep writing great reports.
    We are eager to read more reports from you.

    Kushal Naharki

    Posted 26-11-2019 00:53

Hyeongmin Mentor

  • Hyeongmin Mentor says :
    Hello Chitwan

    You mentioned about the problem in distribution of the food resources in India. Efficient distribution of resources in almost all the nations is the common goal of the human society. I've once accessed the information that there are already enough food to feed everyone on the planet. However, it's the problem about the distribution that still makes countless people suffering from hunger. Just like in India, human society as a whole has a long way to go.
    I hope some effective way of distribution of resources come up in the near future.

    Thank you for the great report.
    Posted 25-11-2019 22:36

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