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Ambassador report

Ambassador report

[Ambassador report] [Free Report] MECHANISMS OF BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION

by Ananya Singh | 10-01-2020 01:51 Comments 5 Comments recommendations 0 recommendations



In the current scenario, the health of our environment is deteriorating with each passing day. Thus, immediate measures must be taken to "conserve" it. But before that, it's important to discern and distinguish between the types of conservation techniques.

The protection, preservation, management, or restoration of natural environments and the ecological communities that inhabit them. Conservation is generally held to include the management of human use of natural resources for current public benefit and sustainable social and economic utilization.

Need for Biodiversity Conservation:

  • Conservation of biological diversity leads to conservation of essential ecological diversity to preserve the continuity of food chains.
  • The genetic diversity of plants and animals is preserved.
  • It ensures the sustainable utilization of life support systems on earth.
  • It provides a vast knowledge of potential use to the community.
  • A reservoir of wild animals and plants is preserved, thus enabling them to be introduced, if need be, in the surrounding areas.
  • Biodiversity conservation assures sustainable utilization of potential resources.

There are two types of Conservation Mechanisms :


  • IN-SITU CONSERVATION :                 
  • When we conserve and protect the whole ecosystem, its biodiversity at all levels is protected. E.g. we save the entire forest to save the tiger. This approach is called in situ (on site) conservation
  • Faced with the conflict between development and conservation, many nations find it unrealistic and economically not feasible to conserve all their biological wealth. On a global basis, this problem has been addressed by eminent conservationists. They have indentified maximum protection for certain ?biodiversity hotspots? regions with very high levels of species richness and high degree of endemism (that is, species confined to that region and not found anywhere else). 
  • Initially 25 biodiversity hotspots were identified but subsequently nine more have been added to the list, bringing the total number of biodiversity hotspots in the world to 34. These hotspots are also regions of accelerated habitat loss. 
  • Although all the biodiversity hotspots put together cover less than 2 percent of the earth?s land area, the number of species they collectively harbour is extremely high and strict protection of these hotspots could reduce the ongoing mass extinctions by almost 30 per cent.
  • In India, ecologically unique and biodiversity-rich regions are legally protected as biosphere reserves, national parks, sanctuaries, reserved forests, protected forests and nature reserves. 
  • India now has 14 biosphere reserves, 90 national parks and 448 wildlife sanctuaries. 
  • Plantation, cultivation, grazing, felling trees, hunting and poaching are prohibited in biosphere reserves, national parks and sanctuaries.       
    However, when there are situations where an animal or plant is endangered or threatened and needs urgent measures to save it from extinction, ex situ (off site) conservation is the desirable approach.                                               
  • EX-SITU CONSERVATION :
  • In this approach, threatened animals and plants are taken out from their natural habitat and placed in special setting where they can be protected and given special care. Zoological parks, botanical gardens,wildlife safari parks and seed banks serve this purpose. In recent years ex situ conservation has advanced beyond keeping threatened species. Now gametes of threatened species can be preserved in viable and fertile condition for long periods using cryopreservation techniques, eggs can be fertilized in vitro, and plants can be propagated using tissue culture methods. Seeds of different genetic strains of commercially important plants can be kept for long periods in seed banks.

  • In situ conservation = on the site conservation without displacing the affected organism.

    Ex situ conservation = conserving the organism in an artificial habitat by displacing it from its natural habitat.

    Thus, keeping in view the needs of the biodiversity, a suitable conservation mechanism must be chosen

    biodiversity

    5 Comments

    Kushal Naharki

    • Kushal Naharki says :

      Hello Ananya!

      I do hope that you are fine and doing great with your works.
      Thank you for your report about MECHANISMS OF BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION

      Green Cheers from Nepal :)
      Keep writing great reports.
      We are eager to read more reports from you.

      Regards,
      Kushal Naharki

      Posted 20-01-2020 05:07

    Sagar  Koirala

    • Sagar Koirala says :
      Hello Ananya for enlightening about Biodiversity Conservation .Keep Writing .

      Green Cheers

      Regards,
      Sagar Koirala
      Posted 13-01-2020 18:37

    Hyeongmin Mentor

    • Hyeongmin Mentor says :
      Hello Ananya

      I knew the importance of preserving biodiversity, but I've never heard of this way of categorizing the conservation.
      Reading your report, I could clearly learn about the difference in those two ways, and some characteristics and examples of those ways.
      I think this two ways should be activated in proper manner, so it would be cause the optimized result of saving the endangered wildlife animals.

      Thank you for the informative report.
      Posted 12-01-2020 10:40

    Elizaveta Zaretskaya

    Lisa Mentor

    • Lisa Mentor says :
      Hey Ananya!
      This is your mentor Lisa.

      Great report you have here with a very interesting topic!
      As you have put, one of the ways to protect biodiversity is to replace them in an artificial environment so that they don't get the negative effects of changes in the environment and pollution. Yet, having them in zoo always makes me question myself is this really for them, or for us? No matter how well we create an artificial environment similar to their original habitat, once they get used to the overprotective and man-made zoo, they will never be able to go back to nature and will just be trapped there as the toy for visitors. Is it really right for us to do that?
      What are your thoughts on this matter??

      A great topic that we should all think about!
      Thank you dear:)
      Posted 11-01-2020 17:26

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