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[Ambassador report] [Free Report] Soil Salinity

by Ishitwa - | 19-01-2020 02:34 Comments 6 Comments recommendations 0 recommendations



 

Soil Salinity

 

Human interaction with any environmental resource stirs red signals more than often nowadays. Be it land, water, minerals, the natural resources are misused or extensively exploited. Such is also the case of soil salinity. Soil is being degraded or exploited exhaustively without maintaining its organic structure. Land is a traditional production input, an abundant resource in the vast stretches of India. The combined effect of land area and land quality have important impact on the economic scarcity of the country. Soil salinity of fertile land regions of India emerges as a concerning issue.

 

 The acute problem of soil salinity is also triggered by irrigation. Irrigation emerges as a boon and a bane at the same time. Irrigation has unfavourable environmental impacts on soil quality. The loss due to salination is unimaginable. The micro-organisms that help in the growth of crops lessen due to improper chemical fertilizers and unscientific application of irrigation water. The inorganic components in the soil dismantle the organic ones, disbalancing the nature of the soil. It is easy to conclude from here that human interaction with soil disrupts the earths natural state. 

 

The case of sugarcane cultivation belt of Maharashtra, India, is also a case of salination through man-made vis-a-vis natural discourse. Normally, the farmers are blames for the mismanagement of water resources and mis-priorities of cultivation of sugarcane in Maharashtra. The salinity and alkalinity of the sugarcane belt forces the state and institutions to take immediate action in order to ameliorate the issue. There are a vast number of actions to be taken to prevent soil salinity. 

 

Different saline soils require different types of treatment. Saline soil observed in arid regions need salt leaching, helping to make root zone free from salt and restore an optimum level of solute concentration. Soil porosity influences leaching requirements based on texture, structure and clay mineralogy. Implementing and designing of different drainage treatments, run-off characteristics, rainfall information, etc. is required.

 

 

Desalination of soil should be more of a collective effort than an individual one. Constructing watersheds, taking necessary technical help framer training programmes, water management techniques and micro-irrigation techniques can be taken up to protect soil. A collective effort of communities across the country can go long way to desalinate the soil.

Soil Salinity

6 Comments

Lisa Mentor

  • Lisa Mentor says :
    Hey Ishita,
    this is Lisa once again.

    I think you have well pointed out the problem of soil salinity as well as the cause of such detrimental salinization. Irrigation is indeed pointed as a major cause of excessive salination of the soil and these days climate change is also pointed as the main culprit for increased salinity of the soil. I recently came across an article that explains such a phenomenon it's pretty obvious when you actually think about it. The heat stress caused by climate change will dry out underground water resources and will thus contribute to the accumulation of saline materials in the soil. You should check it out!

    Really enjoyed reading your report:)
    Keep up the work!
    Posted 20-01-2020 17:56

Hyeongmin Mentor

  • Hyeongmin Mentor says :
    Hello Ishwita

    Soil salinity was not a familiar concept to me, but I could learn about the concept in detail. By reading the report, I agreed about the point that the problem of soil salinity is something that could be resolved with collective effort of people, not just local farmers. In addition to that, I truly hope there could be some technological improvement that can help make the situation of soil salinity better.

    Thank you for the informative report.
    Posted 20-01-2020 13:48

Kushal Naharki

  • Kushal Naharki says :
    Hello Ishitwa

    I do hope that you are fine and doing great with your works.
    Thank you for your report about Soil Salinity

    Green Cheers from Nepal :)
    Keep writing great reports.
    We are eager to read more reports from you.

    Regards,
    Kushal Naharki

    Posted 20-01-2020 04:53

Arjun Anand

  • Arjun Anand says :
    Hey,
    Thank you for this report on soil salinity, i like how you structured your report. Looking forward for more amazing reports like this..
    Regards,
    Arjun Anand
    Posted 19-01-2020 21:58

Asmita Gaire

  • Asmita Gaire says :
    Greeting ishwita
    I hope you are doing well

    Soil salinity is the major problem for most of the crops and plants around and it directly as well as indirectly harms animals and human health respectively..

    Thank you so much for this awesome report
    Green cheers

    Regards
    Asmita Gaire
    Posted 19-01-2020 11:16

Okoth Okoth

  • Okoth Okoth says :
    Well done, thanks for the good report
    Posted 19-01-2020 03:53

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