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Ambassador report

[Ambassador report] Theme report - June 2020 - Marine Environment

by Aaditya Singh | 21-06-2020 08:35 Comments 9 Comments recommendations 0 recommendations

Education related to Marine Conservation

Conservation of Marine environment is an important aspect of environmental protection around the world. I am sure there will be multiple reports from fellow ambassadors about the various ways that different places are tackling the issues related to marine pollution and conservation aspects. I am focusing on a different subject- Education related to Marine Conservation. In my opinion higher education on these topics is a highly valuable means to produce skilled and qualified professionals who can not only be directly involved in conservation efforts on the field, but also prove effective in creating awareness and spreading knowledge about the subject matter.

Marine sciences are of great interest to me. I this regard I have come across some interesting courses and educational qualifications related to marine environment. I am sharing these insights with Tunza readers and hoping that some of you may find these fields interesting and worth exploring for further studies after school education.


'Limnology' and 'Bio-Oceanography & Marine Biology'

During research I came across the Department of Functional and Evolutionary Ecology within the Faculty of Life Sciences at the University of Vienna in Austria where I currently reside. As indicated in their mission statement, the department aims at a  mechanistic understanding of ecological and evolutionary patterns and processes from organismic to ecosystem scale. This is done through study of biodiversity, symbioses, metabolic pathways, ecophysiology and ecosystem functioning in light of environmental change.

I discovered two fields of study, related to Marine Sciences:



'Bio-Oceanography & Marine Biology'.

This intrigued me because I had never heard of the term 'Limnology' before. As I found out, Limnology is the study of inland waters as ecological systems in interaction with their drainage basins and the atmosphere. These include lakes, reservoirs, rivers, streams, wetlands and groundwater.

These courses deal with the communication of scientific knowledge of the ecosystems of pelagic and benthic life in marine ecosystems. 

The terms 'pelagic' and 'benthic' were also new to me. A pelagic organism is one that inhabits the water column and a benthic organism is one that lives near or on the sea floor. The courses do not merely engage in experiments in these ecosystems but offer in depth studies through theory and live projects to find out how the members of these ecosystems interact and function. Organisms being studied include viruses, microbes and metazoans.


Seven specific units of marine biology covered under these courses of study are briefly explained below:

1. Benthic communities and Bioindication: This department relies on Taxonomy and autecological research to study the ecosystem structure in streams and floodplain waters. They mainly focus on aquatic invertibrates.

2. Phycology: This department focuses on algae. This includes the study, relationships, classing and industrial purpose of algae.

3. Fish Ecology: Standard fisheries techniques are used to record and study natural habits like spatial and temporal fish patterns, reproduction, habitat etc.

4. Stream Biogeochemistry: While other departments focus on the different organisms, this one focuses on the 'stream ecosystem' itself. Streams connect water sources to each other and this department researches the various biological and geographic changes and reactions that occur during this transportation period.

5. Groundwater Ecology: Ground water, while being as close to us as ocean water, is the least explored marine ecosystem. However, they are still the largest known freshwater biome. This department handles the researching of the ecosystem and its members in detail.

6. Microbial Oceanography: This department focuses on the metabolic activities of the Bacteria and Archaea living in the open ocean. They combine the biological research with the biogeochemical research to come to better conclusions about these activities.

7. Marine Benthic Ecology: This department handles the modeling of ecology and evolution of interspecies cooperation. This 'cooperation' includes recruitment, growth and decay of benthic populations in both deep sea and shallow water areas.



Through this report I have tried to introduce some educational opportunities related to Marine Sciences and conservation. I have keen interest in this subject. Considering the importance of education and research about marine ecosystems to ensure proper marine conservation, I am sure many of us are looking for suitable courses to pursue for higher education. Accordingly I decided to share here, information about these courses in the University of Vienna that promote research in various fields of marine biology to come up with the best marine conservation solutions.

Do visit their website for more information.


Sources and References







Kushal Naharki

  • Kushal Naharki says :
    Hello aaditya

    Greetings and Namaste from Nepal
    Wishing you a safe stay
    Thank you for your report on Marine Environment

    Keep writing great reports.
    We are eager to read more reports from you.
    Green Cheers :)

    Best wishes,
    Kushal Naharki

    Posted 14-07-2020 10:15

Jasmine Karki

  • Jasmine Karki says :

    Thank you so much for sharing this report with us !!!
    It was awesome to go through it..

    Green cheers
    Jasmine karki
    Posted 08-07-2020 16:54

Sang Su Mentor

  • Sang Su Mentor says :
    Hi Aaditya Singh, this is a mentor, Sang Su Lee.

    Wow, there are many subjects that teach about the marine environment. From this fact I could realize that marine nature is really rich and has so much to learn. It actually gives many sources for people to survive and is really valuable.

    Thank you for introducing some fields regarding the marine environment. I really appreciate it.

    Green Cheers!~
    Posted 01-07-2020 02:58

Taehyun Mentor

  • Taehyun Mentor says :
    Hello Aaditya Singh, this is mentor Taehyun!

    Marine science is a field of study that seems to be very helpful in the 21st century! In my case, my major is chemical engineering, but I'm also interested in improving the marine environment using chemical engineering, so I didn't know there was such a field! It's really interesting. The treasure of the 21st century is often called the sea. It seems necessary to explore the limitless world of the ocean a little more!

    thank you for the report!

    Green cheers!
    Posted 01-07-2020 02:44

Aarati Khatri

  • Aarati Khatri says :
    Hello Adity Singh,
    It feels soo glad to see your contribution in creating awareness related to marine eco-system.
    keep on sharing more report.
    Best Regards.
    Posted 28-06-2020 15:40

Juvairiyah Batool

  • Juvairiyah Batool says :
    Informative for medical students.
    Stay blessed.
    Posted 27-06-2020 16:38

Asmita Gaire

  • Asmita Gaire says :
    Hello aaditya
    I hope you are doing well.
    It's really great to introduce education on marine ecosystem
    Thank you so much for this report
    Keep writing
    Green cheers
    Asmita Gaire
    Posted 24-06-2020 22:03


  • ALOK DHAKAL says :
    Thank your for your report!!
    Posted 21-06-2020 18:15


  • ALOK DHAKAL says :
    Thank your for your report!!
    Posted 21-06-2020 18:13

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