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Ambassador report

Ambassador report

[Ambassador report] [Free Report] Paddy cultivation in Nepal: Before and Nowadays

by Bal krishna Pandey | 08-07-2020 01:43 Comments 12 Comments recommendations 0 recommendations

Paddy is the main food crop of Nepal. With the onset of monsoon season, planting of paddy all over the country begins. Nepal is not fully self-sufficient in paddy but production is increasing every year which is positive news. The main purpose of today's report is to show the difference between the paddy farming system (completely focused in plantation process) in past in Nepal and today's trending method.

Modern technology has affected every place, every region, whether it is fast or slow. Similarly, there has been a lot of technical facilitation for paddy cultivation. Remembering the past, when I was child, many people from the village used to gather to plant paddy for a single person’s land. Oxen were used to plow the fields. Halo, a wooden object that made it easier for oxen to plow. Men used to prepare the fields while women used to sow paddy seeds. Before preparing the field for planting paddy, organic manure was carried in the doko (a material used to carry agriculture related stuffs like manures and grasses, made up of bamboo) and spread in the field. People were ignorant about the use of chemical fertilizers. Rice seeds were also a native variety of the village which was not as fruitful as it is today. Since modern machines were not used, it took a lot of time. Therefore, they used to eat lunch (Dahi Chiura in Nepali, yogurt and beaten rice in English) in the field and sing songs while working so as not to get bored during the day. The main thing is that they worked in a environment friendly manner.

But the atmosphere has been changed. Nowadays tractors are available for plowing the fields so that the day-long work can be completed in a few hours. Farmers prefer to plant improved and hybrid varieties of seeds which will greatly increase the production in relatively short time period. The use of chemical fertilizers has increased tremendously. There is no need for more human manpower than before and people have started to consider eating and singing in the fields as a myth.

I have seen a lot of difference in paddy farming technology from my childhood to now. Yes, the new technology has been able to take a lot of produce from small plots of land which has made it much easier to eliminate hunger and food dependence. People have started doing business other than agriculture and the lack of human manpower in agriculture has been filled by machinery. The use of oxen and halo has become the story of the era of grandparents. It also saves time to run farming with new concept. Although there are many advantages, I also see some weaknesses and disadvantages. If we are being lured by chemical fertilizers and forgetting organic fertilizers, will the fertility of the soil remain the same forever? Earthworm and other soil organisms are dying, but we have not been able to pay attention to them. What will be the future of human resources as the use of machinery increases? Unemployment is on the rise. In the greed of planting hybrid seeds and producing more, we are working hard to eradicate native seeds. Surprisingly, oxen are no longer raised in the village because they are not used for plowing and slaughtering of them is prohibited due to religious beliefs. At the same time, our originality, traditions and culture are disappearing.

We have to grow a lot of paddy to meet the needs of today's population and also with the help of modern technology. But we also have to learn from the sacrifices of our forefathers, their hard work and their work in balancing the environment and ecological biodiversity. 

The first photo credit goes to Sarita Shrestha/Republica, which was published on https://myrepublica.nagariknetwork.com/This picture shows the modernization in paddy plantation in Nepal. second and third pictures describe traditional practices which is  adopted still in many parts of Nepal. The  two pictures was taken from raleighnepal.org. (https://raleighnepal.org/blog/blog_post/busy-season-bhalukhola/)

modern paddy farming pic traditional paddy production traditional paddy production system


Bal krishna Pandey

  • Bal krishna Pandey says :
    Dear @mentor, In Nepal paddy is cultivated ine or two times a year which is determined by the land and irrigation system. Yes modern technologies should be adopted with minimizing negative impacts.
    Green cheers~
    Posted 14-07-2020 19:10

Bal krishna Pandey

Sang Su Mentor

  • Sang Su Mentor says :
    Hi Bal krishna Pandey, this is a mentor, Sang Su Lee.

    Nepal is very famous for producing rice. Isn't it cultivating paddy three times a year? Korea does for one time a year and plants paddy during spring.

    Indeed technology helped cultivating paddy more easily. In the U.S.A, a helicopter is watering the plants. Drones are used in surveillance. Paddy is really important because it is our main food! Therefore, I hope that the technology to keep paddy safe from global climate change be developed more in a positive way.

    Posted 14-07-2020 17:32

Kushal Naharki

  • Kushal Naharki says :
    Hello balkrishna bro

    Greetings and Namaste from Nepal
    Wishing you a safe stay
    Thank you for your report on Paddy cultivation in Nepal: Before and Nowadays

    Keep writing great reports.
    We are eager to read more reports from you.
    Green Cheers :)

    Best wishes,
    Kushal Naharki

    Posted 14-07-2020 09:51

Bal krishna Pandey

  • Bal krishna Pandey says :
    @Taehyun mentor, I agree with your statement. There are many negative effects of new technologies and we have to think about it. Thank you very much for your valuable comments.
    Green cheers~
    Posted 09-07-2020 02:49

Taehyun Mentor

  • Taehyun Mentor says :
    Hello Bal krishna Pandey, this is mentor Taehyun!

    Thank you for the article! I think you're absolutely right. While our technology is evolving, our legacy is disappearing, and new technology has given us convenience, free time, and convenience to those in that industry, but it's creating a variety of problems, such as environmental issues. However, once you get used to this convenience, you will never forget it. In other words, it would be too much to go back from the present state. In our current technology, we need to think about how we can reduce the impact on the environment.

    Thank you for the report!

    Green cheers!
    Posted 09-07-2020 02:45

Bal krishna Pandey

Bal krishna Pandey

Bal krishna Pandey

Jasmine Karki

  • Jasmine Karki says :
    I do hope you are all good..

    Thank u so much for sharing this report !!!
    It was wonderful to go through it..

    Green cheers
    Jasmine karki
    Posted 08-07-2020 15:37


  • ALOK DHAKAL says :
    Thanks for sharing dai!!
    Posted 08-07-2020 02:06

Meena Pandey

  • Meena Pandey says :
    Hello Bal Krishna dai!!
    I hope you are fine and doing great.

    I am very glad to go through your report.
    Agriculture mechanization is followed for the increase in production and also to reduce human labor.

    Keep writing and shining.

    Hope to know more from you.

    Warm regards,

    Posted 08-07-2020 02:01

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