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Ambassador report

[Ambassador report] Thematic Report (Dec): Plant Protection Regulation in Nepal

by Kushal Naharki | 06-12-2020 13:19 Comments 4 Comments recommendations 0 recommendations



Agriculture is a major part of Nepalese people livelihood. There has been decrease in the contribution of agriculture to the GDP of the nation every year as it has decreased form 31.32 % in 2009 to 24.26 in 2019. The increase in demand of food with increasing population, decreasing manpower in agriculture, increasing incidence of pest and disease has increased the demand of fertilizers and use of pesticides. Use of pesticides can create damage to the useful insects in the field as well as create environmental pollution.

There are policies and regulations adopted by Nepal to maintain the pesticidal use in Nepal.  At present, Government of Nepal (GoN) has banned 14 chemicals (Chlorden, D.D.T, Dieldrin, Endrin, Aldrin, Heptachlor, Mirex, Toxaphen, B.H.C., Lindane, Phosphamidon, Organomercury fungicide, Methyl parathion, Monocrotophos) due to their toxicity, persistence, tendencies of accumulation and biomagnifications and long term serious threats to human and environment. 

GoN, Ministry of Agriculture and Co-operatives has also adopted Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approach since 1997 to support reduction of poverty, ensure food security and environment protection in a sustainable way (6). IPM field school has been conducting in 63 districts out of 75 to minimize the use of the pesticide and to protect the human health hazards and environment. Department of Food Technology and Quality Control monitors pesticide residues regularly in food products.

The Act and regulation related to IPM in Nepal are: (Years mentioned below are according to Bikram Sambat B.S. calender)
Pesticide act 2048
Pesticide Rule 2050
Plant Protection Act 2064
Plant Protection Rules 2067
Biopesticides Act 2048
Biopesticides Rules 2050 
Biodiversity Act 2064
References: 
https://www.statista.com/statistics/425750/nepal-gdp-distribution-across-economic-sectors/
MoEST. Nepal National Implementation Plan for the Stockholm convention on persistent organic pollutants (POPs) Moesat.

4 Comments

SJ Mentor

  • SJ Mentor says :
    Hello Kushal!
    It's your SJ mentor.

    Warm greetings from Korea!
    Thank you for sharing your report regarding Plant protection Regulation in Nepal.
    It is glad to hear that there are many regulations ensuring citizen's safety.
    Abusing pesticides could affect crops by raising pesticide resistance.
    Besides these regulations, where do you think the direction of regulation should be headed?
    Hope things are fine with you.

    Best regards,
    SJ mentor.
    Posted 22-12-2020 14:16

Mun WooJooMentor

  • Mun WooJooMentor says :
    Hello Kushal,
    this is your mentor WooJoo.

    Thank you for sharing your report about regulations in Nepal, regarding the plant protection.
    Although the contribution of agriculture has decreased over the recent years,
    its contribution is still large compared to other countries such as South Korea.
    Therefore, the country is more vulnerable to environmental issues,
    which is the reason for the need of strict regulations and according infrastructures.
    I would like to know how the restrictions to usage of pesticide has changed the agriculture of your country, and what other techniques are being used to replace it.

    Keep sharing

    Regards,
    WooJoo
    Posted 14-12-2020 17:20

Dolma Diki Sherpa

  • Dolma Diki Sherpa says :
    Hello Kushal dai

    In our country rule are not properly implemented and banned pesticides are using by farmer till now.

    Keep writing keep sharing

    Regards

    Dolma
    Posted 10-12-2020 23:38

Shobha Pokhrel

  • Shobha Pokhrel says :
    Hello Kushal dai

    Thanks for sharing such an wonderful and informative report .

    we all hope thwe efffective implementation of IPM throughout the country efffetively soon .

    keep sharing

    warm regards ,

    Shobha
    Posted 08-12-2020 23:19

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