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[Ambassador report] Facts About Climate Change

by Pragati Dubey | 14-08-2021 01:15 Comments 5 recommendations 0



TOP 5 CLIMATE CHANGE FACTS YOU SHOULD KNOW



1. The worst impacts of climate change could be irreversible by 2030

In its 2018 special report on Global Warming of 1.5°C, the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) warned that we only have twelve years to prevent the worst impacts of climate change. The year 2020 is now only two months away — leaving us just a decade to halve our emissions to avert the worst climate impacts— yet little has changed regarding our release of greenhouse gas emissions.

In 2017, carbon emissions increased globally by 1.7 percent. In 2018, they increased further, up 2.7 percent from the year before. And 2019 is expected to have one of the highest rates of increase on record.

The U.N. climate report and subsequent reports have warned us that global carbon pollution must be cut in half in the next 10 years for us to avoid catastrophic, irreversible damage to our planet. And yet we’re going in the opposite direction. That’s terrifying.

2. The 20 warmest years on record have been in the past 22 years

The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has compounded the research released in the 2018 IPCC report, stating that 20 of the warmest years on record have occurred in the last 22 years.

“The long-term temperature trend is far more important than the ranking of individual years, and that trend is an upward one,” WMO Secretary-General Petteri Taalas stated in a press release. “The degree of warming during the past four years has been exceptional, both on land and in the ocean.”

The years 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018 had the highest temperatures since 1880, and 2019 is keeping pace to be another record year.

3. More than 1 million species are at risk of extinction by climate change

Imagine dressing up as a frog for Halloween and having to explain to younger generations what it was and why it’s gone. Half of all amphibians are at risk of extinction due to climate change — so this could soon be a reality if we don’t act soon.

Extinction is a natural phenomenon, claiming about five species per year. But some experts suggest we’re in the midst of the sixth mass extinction — one that is caused mostly by human activity.

Scientists estimate dozens of species of plants and animals currently go extinct each day —nearly 1,000 times the natural rate. By mid-century, as many as 30 to 50 percent of the total species found on Earth will have disappeared.

Allowing this to continue is “a crime equivalent to tossing books from the Library of Alexandria thoughtlessly into a fire, erasing the shared inheritance of all mankind,” according to the National Institute of Environmental Health Science in a review from 2009.

Species diversity is crucial for ecosystem resilience, and without it, ecological communities will not have the strength to withstand change — especially not the change we’re throwing at them.

4. Climate change is already happening, and it’s detrimental to human life, too

The impacts to human health are much scarier than any clown movie.

Rising temperatures — coupled with a growing number of people in cities and an increasing population of elderly— have increased heat-related deaths, according to a 2018 study in The Lancet.

The report concluded that the lack of adaptive capacities and effort toward reducing emissions threatens human lives and the national health systems people rely on, by pushing services to their limit and disrupting core infrastructure.

But hyperthermia is not the only risk climate change brings to human life. Higher temperatures worsen air quality, negatively affect crop production, increase the spread of infectious diseases and threaten freshwater deposits.

A warming world also increases the intensity of natural disasters.

While instances of wildfires have decreased over the years, according to the WMO, the burn area and intensity of fires have increased. Wildfires are currently ripping through California — claiming more than 94,000 acres of land, 129 million trees and displacing 200,000 people to date in the San Francisco Bay Area .

Hurricanes are reaching new extremes, too. The frequency of high intensity hurricanes — ranked as categories 4 and 5 — has increased over the last 30 years. It has become immensely more difficult to escape these storms unscathed, and it will only get harder in the future.

Have you noticed that the Halloween season doesn’t feel the same either? If we can’t wear a full costume without sweating then something is wrong, right?

That’s because climate change is shifting the seasons. Falls, winters and springs are growing shorter, while summer extends into the supposedly cooler months. North American winters are losing snow and ice as a result — making prime ski destinations, well, not prime.

This not only makes dressing up in a full-body werewolf costume uncomfortable but also disrupts the natural interactions between species, their habitats and their migration patterns.

5. Many leaders still aren’t taking it seriously

The world has been aware of climate change since the IPCC formed in 1988. Scientists and the public rallied around environmental policy, but many global governments had a different idea.

They were going to ignore it.

Countries contributing most to global emissions have the best chance of curbing climate change, but leaders are doing little to address it.

The United States, for example, is the second leading emitter of greenhouse gases behind China and the leading emitter per capita. Still, U.S. President Donald Trump has confirmed plans to pull the U.S.  out of the Paris Agreement — which would have held us to reducing emissions 26 to 28 percent by 2025 — allowing industries to remain mostly unchecked.

The U.S., unfortunately, is not the only country making the wrong promises — protecting the fossil fuel industry and proposing environmental rollbacks — or failing to follow through on policies that will actually help the environment.

China continues to build coal-fired power stations despite investing in alternative energy sources like solar and wind. The United Kingdom, while an ambitious global leader in climate change policy, is reducing its targets for cutting emissions.

Source: earthday.org
Source: https://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/conservation/issues/point-no-return-for-climate-action-is-2035.htm

5 Comments

Pragati Dubey

  • Pragati Dubey says :
    Thankyou everyone for your appreciation!
    Posted 23-08-2021 16:25

Debbie Mentor

  • Debbie Mentor says :
    Dear Pragati,

    This is your mentor Debbie. :)
    These fact are truly horrifying. I can't believe the warmest years are the just in the past two decades. This definitely reflects that the problem of climate change is worsening and we really need more leaders to take this matter seriously!! :( Enjoyed reading it.

    Best,
    Debbie
    Posted 22-08-2021 22:22

Yuseon Mentor

  • Yuseon Mentor says :
    Dear Pragati,

    This is your mentor Yuseon :D
    There are many ways to raise public awareness on environmental issues, but I think the most powerful way is to use numbers - statistics, plots, and marking due dates.
    The numbers you introduced surely gave me a shudder as I went through your article.

    Thank you for giving this powerful reminder, and hope you could keep up with this effort to alert people around you.
    Posted 21-08-2021 15:38

HASSAN ABUBAKAR MUHAMMAD

Sandhya Adhikari

  • Sandhya Adhikari says :
    Hello Pragati sis,
    I do hope you are fine there and doing great with your work,

    Thank you so much for sharing such an inspiring, informative article which I actually was searching about,

    Climate change has become timebomb for this era, every country, stakeholders and agencies move forward to minimize the impact of the climate change

    Keep writing,

    We are eager to read much more from you in coming days

    Yours,
    Sandhya
    Nepal
    Posted 14-08-2021 02:10

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