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[Ambassador report] (FREE REPORT): Concept of Organic Farming

by Meena Pandey | 21-09-2021 20:15 Comments 2 recommendations 0



27th Ambassadorship Month  1, Report 1


Free Report: September


Title: Concept of Organic Farming


Organic farming systems do not use toxic agrochemical inputs (pesticides, fungicides,

herbicides and fertilizers). Instead, they are based on development of biological diversity

and the maintenance and replenishment of soil productivity. Organic farming describes two

major aspects of alternative agriculture:

*Substitution of manures and other organic matter for inorganic fertilizers.

*Biological pest and disease control instead of chemical control.

 

Organic farming is one of several ways to sustainable agriculture and many of the

techniques used (intercropping, crop rotation, ploughing, mulching, integration of crops and

livestock etc.) are practiced under various agricultural systems. What makes organic farming unique is that almost all synthetic inputs are prohibited and soil health improving agronomic practices are mandated.

 

Scope of Organic Agriculture

 

1. Geographical advantage

Diversified ecological and climatic variation. which support for the cultivation of different crops in different

season.

Still most of the farmers in the high hills and majority of them in the mid hills are not using inorganic chemicals

in their farm.

Farmers can produce different commercial organic products targeted to international as well as national.

 

2. Availability of cheap labor

There are a large number of small and marginalized farmers’ involved in agriculture in Nepal.

The labor is cheaper as compare to other developed countries.

Due to use of cheap labor, the cost of final product will be cheaper and that product can easily compete in the market.

 

3. Exporting opportunity

Nepal, as a member ofWTO, can have good opportunities in the global markets.

The production outputs from traditional farming alone could not fully satisfy.

Due to diversified agroecology in the country, a number of organic fruits, vegetables and food crops can be

grown and export to India, China, Japan, Bangladesh and other American and European countries.

 

4. Priority to organic products

Consumers as well as farmers are becoming more and more aware of organic products from environment and

health point of view.

Organic products are safe to the health and environment.

In view of these the attention of scientists, planners, politicians, industrialists etc have been attracted towards

organic farming for which there are consumers who are ready to pay higher price for organic products.

 

5. Good experience of organic farming

Farmer can use their indigenous knowledge and experiences easily in organic farming.

The farmers need not depend on the external inputs to produce organic commodities in the

future.

 

6. Development of infrastructures

Development of high way, agricultural roads for transportation.

Telephone for communication, television and radios for advertisement and good marketing

facilities etc.

Increases the scope of organic production of vegetables, coffee, tea, zinger, and field crops

in Nepal.

 

7. Employment opportunity

Large number of peoples will be involved in different activities like seed production,

processing, marketing etc.

 

8. Development of organic enterprises /associations

Now the number of private enterprises and associations are actively involved in

development of organic farming in our country.

Mainly these are concentrated in accessible areas both for production and distribution of

organic products.

 

Importance of Organic Farming

 

1. Environmentally safe

In organic agriculture, farmers largely avoid the use of synthetic chemicals and rely on

natural pest controls, manuring and cultural practices, which help to reduce different forms of

environmental pollutions.

Reductions in the use of these toxic synthetic chemicals also help to improved human and

livestock health and other beneficial organisms.

This leads us to live in harmony with nature, which is the key to sound development and a

sustainable environment.

 

2. More sustainable

Farmers are less dependent on external inputs (agro-chemicals).

Locally available resources which are economically profitable and ecologically viable.

Sustainable management of natural resources; soil water and bio- diversity.

3. Food security

Organic agriculture can contribute to local food security in several ways.

Consumers’ demand for organically produced food sometimes provide impressive premiums and new export opportunities to farmers.

 

4. Source of employments

Organic agriculture requires significantly greater labor input than conventional farming's.

5. Sources of nutrition

Organic food contains more vitamins, nutrients and cancer-fighting antioxidants than nonorganic

foods.

Organic foods have far less residues of pesticides, growth promoters, antibiotics and other

chemicals.

It tastes better than the inorganic products.

 

6. Enhances biodiversities conservation

Many indigenous food crops which are under utilized and have a great value can be

reintroduced through crop diversification.

It contributes to whole farm health, provides conservation of important genotypes, and

creates habitats for beneficial species.

7. Profitable

Reduce production costs by avoiding expensive cost of agrochemicals.

Organic crop yields are lower the overall economic yields but benefit from market premiums

(fair prices) and sometimes lowered input costs.

2 Comments

Hannah Mentor

  • Hannah Mentor says :
    Hello Meena, this is your mentor Hannah.
    I've read about organic farming before, but the idea about it became more clear thanks to your article!
    After reading the article, I have a question : whether burning the farmland to fertilize it contained or not in organic farming? 'Cause I heard it's very environmentally harmful.
    Thank you for your great article and please keep up with your wonderful work :)
    Posted 24-09-2021 17:22

Joon Mentor

  • Joon Mentor says :
    Hello Meena,
    this is your mentor Joon.

    Well written article about Organic farming.
    There are several positive aspects of organic farming as you have mentioned
    in your article. Though not everything feature in the article is solely due to
    organic farming, it can also be the aspects that are included to it. Apart from
    its positive sides on economical benefits, Organic farming is friendly to
    nature as its name suggests. As no pesticides are used, there are no dangers
    of harming the nature, and though it might be a bad news for farmers, it can
    make surrounding environment sustainable by being a source of food for microorganisms
    which would not have been possible if pesticides were used.

    With following reasons, I believe there are enough reasons for agriculture to go organic and hope more people are engaged in the industry.

    Well read your article, and let's keep up.

    Best regards,

    Joon
    Posted 23-09-2021 23:42

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