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[Feature] [20 Must-know GEI] 18. It doesn't matter just as long as I am happy?

by Eco Generation | 18-10-2016 22:26 Comments 0 Comments recommendations 0 recommendations




20 Must Know Series-Title

18. It doesn't matter just as long as I am happy?


20 Must Know Series-Image 18-1



1. Is camping okay as long as it is convenient and enjoyable?
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          'Camping' is a kind of leisure activity for enjoying fresh air and beautiful seasonal color changes in nature. Throughout the history of camping culture, people naturally started to go camping when the country's GDP reached US $20,000. In the beginning, readily available camping equipment was just tents and portable pots and pans, and people brought other stuff from home. Nowadays, however, large tents, kitchens, tables, chairs and other camping furniture are basic for camping maniacs. As people from all walks of life have joined the camping culture, it has now become a family leisure activity and people are more concerned about safety and convenience when camping.

          However, as we saw in the pictures, various environmental problems have been created due to wrong camping styles. Does it matter, as long as I am happy? No. This is why "Making sustainable camping culture" movements for a more sound camping culture have emerged these days.


[Movement toward sustainable camping culture]

- Campaigns for eco-friendly camping culture: Camping culture, which enhances the original purpose of camping, enjoying and appreciating the beauty of nature, is widespread these days. It is an effort to create a sound camping culture from the planning of camping by decreasing environmentally-destructive behavior and bringing extra bags for waste. The Korean Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism has promoted the "Eco-Friendly and Safe Camping Culture Campaign."

- Unplugged camping: This is camping without using electric facilities at the camping site. In a camping site without any light, you can feel the serenity of nature and enjoy it much more closely. 

- Eco-friendly festivals
1) Fuji Rock Festival in Japan: Around 1,000 volunteers help deal with waste, and the audience also separates and throws away waste showing full commitment to environmental protection. The emcee makes several announcements about environmental protection in the middle of the festival.
2) Glastonbury Festival in the UK: As many travelers from far-off places used to throw away their tents after the festival, the festival organization started to rent tents to prevent unnecessary waste. Areas where animals live are off-limits to the audience, and people can charge their phones with wind power or solar energy. Furthermore, it has fallow years to preserve the beautiful environment of Glastonbury.



2. Travel, seeing and enjoying is not everything! 

         What do you want to do the most on your vacation? Many students say they want to travel during their vacation. Traveling means going to a different place away from where you live. In order to move to another region, you need to take a car, bus, train, airplane or other vehicle. As for air transport, it is convenient but emits a huge amount of carbon dioxide that causes climate change. A round trip journey from Korea to the US emits more carbon dioxide than one person does in a year, on average. 

         Moreover, traveling greatly destroys the environments of tourist destinations during the process of building roads and parking lots and developing convenience facilities such as hotels and condos as well as infrastructure such as sewage and waste treatment facilities, surrounding environments change a lot. Forests created for a long period of time can disappear overnight in the name of development or be easily destroyed by crowds of tourists. If more tourists or more traveling increase the possibility of environmental degradation, we might not be able to have places or opportunities to travel.

[Movements toward sustainable tour culture]

         Recently, alternative tourism that overcomes disadvantages of ordinary traveling has been spotlighted. Alternative tourism provides alternatives to undesirable tourism types that entail an increased number of travelers, irresponsible behaviors of travelers, or environmentally-destructive tourism development. This includes eco-tourism, ethical tourism, sustainable tourism, and other various kinds of tourism.
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         The key to alternative tourism is not destroying natural resources. For this, tours should be focused on the natural things in the tour area. That is, studying and investigating about the region systematically and thoroughly is the number one priority to avoid impromptu and hazardous development. Agreements through discussions among stakeholders in the region, such as local governments, local residents, NGOs, investors and the central government, are necessary. A region is where animals and people live rather than a just a tourist destination. Therefore, travelers should remember that they are visitors in the region.



3. Sports are enjoyed by the world: Does our Earth enjoy them too? 

         Sports are a common interest among people around the world. There are global big-scale sports events including Olympic Games and the World Cup. However, these sports events cause various problems such as high outbound traffic, traffic problems and energy consumption problems in the place holding the events. In addition, the development of sports sites causes conflicts among people with different opinions, which results in big social problems. Not only global events but also domestic sports have different impacts on the environment. Some sports are not harmonious with the natural environment or climate conditions of the region. In this case, more environmental degradation and energy consumption is followed to make sports more enjoyable. Conflicts between sports and nature have expanded from a regional problem to a global issue.

[Movement toward sustainable sports culture]

- In the 2006 Winter Olympics in Germany, bicycle parking facilities were installed around the stadiums and use of public transport was encouraged. A rainwater storage tank sized 1,400 km3 was built in Berlin Olympic Stadium, and solar power panels in the football stadium in Nuremberg, Dortmund. Moreover, the football stadium in Munich allowed only renewable containers for beverages.

- The 2008 Beijing Olympics: During the Olympics period, China introduced energy facilities that can replace coal boilers as well as eco-friendly buses in order to solve air pollution. The Beijing Olympics is evaluated as having various environmental policies such as the 10th-day-no-driving system, utilization of renewable energy, and creating green areas.

- Eco-friendly marketing strategy: The home stadium of the Red Sox, a Major League Baseball team, aims at having a 'Green Stadium.' On the roof behind home plate, 28 solar thermal panels are located. The New England Patriots, a professional American football team, gets electricity required for the home stadium through wind-power energy.





script by : Prof. Yoon, Sun-jin's Environment & Energy Lab
                Seoul National University
Illustration by : Kim, Jeong-kyeom



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