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[Feature] [20 Must-Know GEI] 20. What are green or environmentally-friendly jobs?

by Eco Generation | 04-11-2016 13:59 Comments 0 Comments recommendations 0 recommendations



20 Must know issue title


20. What are green or environmentally-friendly jobs?


20 Must know issue 20-1



     Everyone in Jenny's family is working in the environmental field. Her dad is a rooftop garden designer and her mom is a green designer of eco-friendly products. Jenny's dad said preventing water penetrating into the building was the most difficult part of the job. Her mom considers the environment when deciding on the materials of her designs. She always tries to use environmentally-friendly materials as they are. She also recreates useless things into new ones. Studying about the environment, Jenny has realized that her parents are in the environmental field. She has gotten curious about what other environment-related jobs there are.


 1. Environmental jobs include:


Environmental jobs
 

• Fair traders
     Do you like chocolate? Then do you know how chocolate is made? The main ingredient for chocolate is cacao. Cacao beans from cacao trees are used to make chocolate. Cacao trees are grown in tropical regions, and are known to be very difficult to grow. Most cacao farmers work at farms owned by big companies, which means the big companies and distribution enterprises get most of the cost of the farmers' labor. That is, a very small part of the price of chocolate goes to the farmers. The people who correct this absurdity are fair traders.
     Fair traders support small-scale producers in developing countries through transparent fair trade. They guarantee minimum prices for farmers and support sustainable development of the region. In the Philippines, children spend less time picking mangoes and more time reading books thanks to fair trade. Children who used to earn 300 KRW a day for making a soccer ball worth 150,000 KRW now make 10 times more money and live in a better environment.


• Carbon emissions trading brokers
     The world has made efforts to reduce greenhouse gases to stop climate change. What should we do if many countries and companies fail to fulfill their commitment to reduce carbon emissions? They have to do their best to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. However, in case they are not successful, a 'carbon emissions trading system' for buying and selling rights to emit greenhouse gases has been implemented. If a country or a company has emitted more than it is allowed, it may purchase excess emissions allowances from another nation or company that has emitted less than the allowable amount, and vice versa. This market is called the carbon market. Those who help trading carbon emissions rights in the carbon market are carbon emissions trading brokers. They identify carbon emissions rights and arrange trades among sellers and buyers. It is expected that more and more countries will implement a carbon emissions trading system, so more carbon emissions trading brokers will be required.


• Zero-energy building experts
     A zero-energy building is a self-sufficient building that generates its own energy used inside the building with renewable energy. It can sustain itself without being supplied with external electricity or heat. It is equipped with thermal insulation materials and double-glazed windows, which enables it to reduce energy leaks and the amount of energy required for the building. It produces necessary electricity for cooling, heating, and cooking using renewable energy such as geothermal energy or solar power. Zero-energy building experts conduct energy examinations, evaluate validity, and develop energy improvement programs. They also design and maintain buildings and conduct the overall process of eco-friendly building certification for buildings contributing to energy savings and environmental pollution reduction.


• Extinction recovery experts  
     Extinction recovery experts protect and recover endangered wild animals and plants. They identify the current status of extinction and explore recovery measures.



2. Environmentally-friendly jobs, green jobs


     Recently, the number of environment-related jobs has increased. These are called environmentally-friendly jobs or green jobs. There are various kinds of jobs in the green field: electricians installing solar power panels, organic farmers, construction workers building wind power plants, workers dealing with waste recycling or reusing, and bio-energy engineers. All these jobs from blue collar to professionals are in the green industry.
     But what matters is that green jobs should be not only environmentally-friendly but also good. They need to be good for both people and the Earth, pay well enough to get by, and contribute to revitalizing the local economy. If a renewable energy developer has to work for the preservation of the environment with no breaks, it can't be a green job. Green jobs are those that are beneficial to climate change and the environment, and provide decent income, safe work environments and guaranteed labor rights.



3. What will I become in 20 years?

20 Must know issue 20-3

     Most people with jobs spend about 8 hours a day working. It is one third of 24 hours. Then what kind of work do you want to spend your valuable time doing? There are various reasons for you to choose your job: high-paying jobs, jobs with a good relationship among team members, or dream jobs for everyone. What factors do you prioritize when choosing your job? The most important thing is thinking about what you like and what makes you seriously happy. And if you consider the environment, too, you can get a job that is socially and environmentally sound and rewarding.
     Environment-related jobs are not limited to a specific industry. You can become eco-friendly regardless of your job according to your major, profession or interest economists can be environmentally-friendly economists, and lawyers can become environmental lawyers. The key is to add eco-friendly factors to your major interest.




[Learn More!]

Green Jobs: A Guide to Eco-Friendly Employment (A. Bronwyn Llewellyn, James P. Hendrix, K. C. Golden, 2010)
This book introduces the green economy, green industry and green jobs. It provides specific and actual information on the meaning of green and how to get green jobs.




script by : Prof. Yoon, Sun-jin's Environment & Energy Lab
                Seoul National University

Illustration by : Kim, Jeong-kyeom

 


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