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Reducing Emission from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD)

by Dhiroj Prasad Koirala | 08-03-2013 09:50 recommendations 0 recommendations

 The ongoing climate negotiations are actively considering REDD as a means of mitigating global climate change by preserving and sequestering carbon in forests. REDD is primarily about reducing atmospheric carbon dioxide emissions as an element of a comprehensive approach mandated by the Bali action plan. As CDM failed to reduce emissions from deforestation in non industrialized countries, there is a strong move to find ways to reduce CO2 emissions from terrestrial ecosystems by reducing the deforestation rates. Under a policy called "Reduce emissions from deforestation" (RED), several approach have been developed and are being discussed by the parties. This is quite different from the existing CDM approach. CDM approach project levels, whereas the proposed new approach under RED is country -wide and use past deforestation rates as the baseline so that leakages are also accounted for. The proposed mechanism started with:

v  RED: Reducing emissions from deforestation , then moving  to :

v  REDD: Readucing emission from deforestation and forest degradation, and finally

v   REDD+: Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, plus forest enhancement.


REDD recognizes the historical role that developed countries have played in causing climate change, as well as their higher level of resources for pursuing the mitigation of GHGs. As there are many stakeholders in REDD process, a lot of interest has been generated about the architecture of this mechanism. In Nepal's case, some of the key stakeholders are the community forests, indigenous and local communities, the local and central governments, and the civil society at large.

International negotiation on REDD have been underway and have taken a few strides in 2009, with numerous inter sessional that were held between the UNFCCC's annual conference of parties (COP) meeting. We can anticipate this mechanism to come into force only after 2012, that is, after the first commitment period of KP is over. As the level of preparedness is low, some countries will need some extra time after 2012 to build the necessary capacity to implement such a mechanism. However, they should do whatever they can now to prepare for REDD, with support from Donor organization.

REDD has morphed into REDD +, with the plus indicating carbon stock enhancement, right of community people, biodiversity conservation, livelihood benefits and other associated social capitals particularly in the context of  community and  participatory forestry. A REDD mechanism alone, without its "+" component, may not be adequate to reward those community forest users groups who have significantly contributed not only to revitalize the degraded forest but also reduce poverty through conservation. Therefore, Nepal advocates for REDD+ mechanism to obtain benefits from the evolving REDD mechanism so as to ensure that the benefits goes to the historically good doing communities in conservation.

Fortunately, Nepal is the first among the developing countries which have been selected by the World Bank as a member of the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF), an innovative approach to financing efforts to combat climate change. Nepal will receive initial funding from FCPF to reduce deforestation and forest degradation by compensating developing countries for greenhouse gas emission reductions. The partnership, approved by the World Bank Board of Executive Directors on September 25, 2007, became functionally operational on june 25, 2008. The grant money being provided to the first 14 developing nations in the FCPF will help them to prepare  for future system of positive incentives for REDD, in particular by establishing emission reference levels, adopting REDD strategies, and designing monitoring systems.

 The WB, through this FCPF program, has provided USD 200,000 for REDD 'readiness'. This fund has been provided under the expectation that it will help to improve the capacity of necessary institutions to implement a REDD framework in the days to come. The ministry of forest and soil conservation has established a REDD forestry and climate change Cell to oversee this task. A working group has been formed to implement these activities. In this forum, suggestions from the civil society and concerned stakeholders are given due to their  importance. The REDD working Group has been focused on forming the readiness Plan under the World Bank's FCPF initiatives.



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  • Sabin Sapkota says :
    Thank you for sharing.
    Posted 29-08-2013 19:46

  • Dhiroj Prasad Koirala says :
    Pratap,,,I also have research experience on Forest carbon. I have been trained by WWF in this case. If you want to know the detail you can contact me personally either through my facebook or via phone
    Posted 17-03-2013 17:30

  • Dhiroj Prasad Koirala says :
    Hey pratap read the article carefully first. The cost of per ton of carbon sequestration in Conference of Parties (COP) is still an issue of debate. However it has been estimated that only community forestry of Nepal are able to get $400 million annually. This sum of money doesn't includes cost of other forests then community forests.
    Posted 14-03-2013 19:50

  • Dhiroj Prasad Koirala says :
    Thanks christy again. I'll try my best to make my articles well defined, meaningful, informative and realistic.
    Posted 14-03-2013 19:46

Christy Lee

  • Christy Lee says :
    @Pratap Maybe the research you're looking for can be on the website of the Ministry of Environment of Nepal.
    Posted 14-03-2013 10:06

Pratap Maharjan

  • Pratap Maharjan says :
    very informative report, can please share how much Nepal gets per ton of carbon sequestration?
    Posted 13-03-2013 10:12

Christy Lee

  • Christy Lee says :
    @Dhiroj your well elaborated articles always helps me understand the environmental situation of Nepal :)
    Posted 13-03-2013 10:10

  • nil 8635 says :
    good job
    Posted 12-03-2013 20:30

Christy Lee

  • Christy Lee says :
    This is a really informative article. It helps enormously to understand political structure for combating Forest destroy in Nepal. Thank you :)
    Posted 12-03-2013 10:48

  • Laxmi Dahal says :
    great doing Dhiroj
    Posted 10-03-2013 21:49

  • Bibek Basnet says :
    Very nice article. Keep it up Dhiroj and thanks for bringing me here in TUNZA family.
    Posted 09-03-2013 15:50

  • Barsha Karela says :
    Very impressive article. Super like. Thumbs up.
    Posted 09-03-2013 15:36

  • Dhiroj Prasad Koirala says :
    Nar bahadur, I'm also happy to know FCPC and we are in initial phase. tHIS 200,000 is for REDD+ READINESS. I think the grant will rise in coming days.
    Posted 09-03-2013 10:46

  • Nar Bahadur Chhetri says :
    Happy to know about Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF). But I think $200,000 is not enough.
    Posted 09-03-2013 10:42

  • Dhiroj Prasad Koirala says :
    Thanks Sontosh. If you are interested in REDD+, Continue your study.
    Posted 09-03-2013 10:00

  • ramesh joshi says :
    WEll skilled and informative article. Keep it up
    Posted 09-03-2013 09:53

  • Santosh Chaudhary says :
    Very impressive article. REDD is my interest as well.
    Posted 09-03-2013 09:52

  • Sumit handari says :
    thanks dhiroj for sharing the abput the REDD............
    Posted 09-03-2013 00:57

  • Dhiroj Prasad Koirala says :
    Here I'm very happy to see the massive involvement of Nepalese Youth. Keep it up friends. The future is in your hand.
    Posted 08-03-2013 19:05

  • Dhiroj Prasad Koirala says :
    Nar bahadur. Some of my achievements are due to your contribution and help as well. It is because you helped me to collect primary data during my Forest carbon research. Because of your help I got SAESM award. You are always supportive to me. Thanks.
    Posted 08-03-2013 19:01

  • Unmesh Datta says :
    Nice informative report..thx
    Posted 08-03-2013 18:58

  • Amba Datta Bist says :
    happy to see your article dhiroj
    Posted 08-03-2013 18:42

  • Dhiroj Prasad Koirala says :
    Thanks Roshan for your appreciation. Actually my correct name is Dhiroj not Dhiraj. haha
    Posted 08-03-2013 18:39

  • Dhiroj Prasad Koirala says :
    Thanks prakash for inspiring. I'll try to do my best in each step of my life.
    Posted 08-03-2013 18:35

  • Nar Bahadur Chhetri says :
    Dhiroj dai (brother) I'm very happy to see your impressive article. Keep it up, your bright future is for you. LOL
    Posted 08-03-2013 18:30

  • Roshan Bist says :
    thanks for sharing Dhiraj...........
    Posted 08-03-2013 18:27

  • Kamala Rokka says :
    First of all thanks Dhiroj for bringing me in this TUNZA family. I'm very happy to see this impressive article related to REDD+.
    Posted 08-03-2013 18:18

  • Ashim Prakash says :
    Happy to see this article related to REDD and Nepal. I'm very happy to see you again as a qualified ambassador of TUNZA. Keep it up dai.
    Posted 08-03-2013 18:09

Simran Vedvyas

  • Simran Vedvyas says :
    Thanks for the Well shared report
    Posted 08-03-2013 18:04

  • Dhiroj Prasad Koirala says :
    I have shared this article to make aware About REDD. I t is my intention to make aware Aman
    Posted 08-03-2013 17:44

Dharmendra Kapri

  • AMAN AGRAWAL says :
    Nice report! now i know about what REDD+ means! thank you
    Posted 08-03-2013 17:21

  • Kehkashan Basu says :
    Thanks for sharing this informative report!
    Posted 08-03-2013 17:06

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