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Thematic Report of may: Calculating Environmental cost of books and paper

by Sandhya Adhikari | 15-08-2020 03:41 recommendations 0

We are often use to hear and learn about the various act and action that are creating impact on the environment. Today I am going  to describe about the environmental impact that book are creating. Before starting I would like to apologize  to mentors and everyone for delay submission, this has been missed by me because my health condition at that period. Hope you will accept my sincere apology.

The environmental cost of book comprises of raw materials that are used during the production of book, transportation of the book, energy consumed during the production and waste created. Pollutants are produced both in air and water along with solid waste during the production of books, the most significant air emissions are sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, volatile organic compounds and green house gas emission. During a production  of book the most significant gases produced are carbon dioxide, methane and dinitrogen oxide.  The solvents, printing colors and adhesives that are used during printing, and the alcohol in the cleaning solvents and humidification water releases VOC emissions. It has been found that producing one book consumes two kilowatt hour of fossil fuels and approximately 7.5 kilograms of carbon dioxide. The carbon foot print of an individual book is equivalent to the greenhouse gas emission of a journey of approximately 7.3 kilometers in a new car, CO2e= 164g/km.  Similarly a study of the US book industry for a single year, 2006 has estimated that publishing and producing consumed approximately 30m trees and had a carbon foot print equivalent to 12.4m metric tons of carbon dioxide. A text book that weights 2.18 kg results in 10.2 kg of CO2 equivalent, (Research from UK) . for printing each page, hardcover , emission of the ink amount to 1% per printed product, releasing toxins such as toluene and xylene into the water and air around us. Due to the presence of such volatile compound in the environment have increased the risk of major asthma attack in the survey done by Americans. Realizing all these nowadays e-learning and e-book is mostly preferred though it has most health impact along with less environmental impact. The cleantech study concluded that purchasing three e-book per month for our year produces roughly 168 kilograms of CO2 throughout kindle’s lifecycle, compared to the estimated 1,074 kilograms of CO2 produced by the same number of printed books. E-book saves the energy consumed by book during the production process, saves trees from destruction, reduce the use of paper, eliminate packing materials and energy associated with packaging and delivery, as well reduce energy and pollution needed to recycle or dispose of old books.


To sum up it seems that books has the highest per-unit carbon footprint among publishing sector. Digital magazine, e book produces carbon from their electrical use and printed produces green house gases from decomposing in landfills. Increasing demand for paper is also one of the major causes of deforestation. Out of 17 billon cubic feet of trees are cut down each year and of which 60% are used to make paper. As per the Global forest Resource Assessment roughly about 80,000 to 160,000 trees are cut down each day all across the world of which major portion are used in paper industry.  Thus the recycle of paper is recommended which reduces negative impact on environment along with this reduces landfills, GHG emission.








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  • Dormant user Sandhya Adhikari
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  • Asmita Gaire says :
    Greetings Sandhya sis
    I hope you are doing well
    E-books are portable, and Eco friendly too!
    Thank you so much for this report
    Green cheers
    Asmita Gaire
    Posted 18-09-2020 12:43

  • Sandhya Adhikari says :
    Hello Taehyun Mentor,
    Thank you so much for your compliment,
    Posted 01-09-2020 13:49

  • Sandhya Adhikari says :
    Hello Kushal Dai,
    Thank you so much for your kind feedback,
    Posted 01-09-2020 13:49

  • Sandhya Adhikari says :
    Thank you so much @Balkrishna pandey dai.
    Posted 01-09-2020 13:48

  • Bal krishna Pandey says :
    Hello sandhya,
    Thank you very much for your thematic report.
    Keep writing
    green cheers~
    Posted 18-08-2020 20:46

  • Taehyun Mentor says :
    Hello Sandhya Adhikari this is mentor Taehyun!

    Thank you for introducing the environmental impact on paper books! Books have been changing materials since ancient times, but they have always served as a great recording medium for mankind. However, in modern times, the demand for mass production of books seems to have increased the impact on the environment with the use of various chemicals and trees, and it seems urgent to study and improve alternatives such as e-books and electronic ink.

    Thank you for the report!

    Green cheers!
    Posted 17-08-2020 15:59

Kushal Naharki

  • Kushal Naharki says :
    Hello Sandhya

    Greetings and Namaste from Nepal
    Wishing you a safe stay
    Thank you for your report on Calculating Environmental cost of books and paper. Thanks for sharing those interesting data.

    Keep writing great reports.
    We are eager to read more reports from you.
    Green Cheers :)

    Best wishes,
    Kushal Naharki
    Posted 15-08-2020 22:05

  • Sandhya Adhikari says :
    Hello sagar dai,
    Thank you so much for your feedback,
    keep inspiring,

    Posted 15-08-2020 14:14

  • Sandhya Adhikari says :
    Hey Alok,
    Thanks for your feedback
    Posted 15-08-2020 14:12

  • Sandhya Adhikari says :
    Hey Mahisinur,
    Thank you so much for your kind feedback
    Posted 15-08-2020 14:10

  • Sagar Koirala says :
    Hello Sandhya,
    Green Cheers

    Thank You For your wonderful report on Calculating Environmental Cost of Books and Papers. Keep Writing .

    Sagar Koirala
    Posted 15-08-2020 14:03

  • ALOK DHAKAL says :
    Hope to see more from you!
    Keep on writing
    Posted 15-08-2020 11:37

  • Mahsinur Rahman says :
    Its a very good read Sandhya! I would love more and more eco-friendly books.
    Posted 15-08-2020 05:02

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