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[May Thematic report] Municipal waste into biofuel

by ALOK DHAKAL | 01-06-2023 00:25 recommendations 0

30th Ambassadorship
Title: [May Thematic report] Municipal waste into biofuel
Month 3, Report 1
Municipal waste management has raised more attention in recent years because of its detrimental effects on the environment and public health. In addition to being unsustainable, conventional waste disposal techniques like incineration and landfilling also produce greenhouse gas emissions. However, the creation of biofuel from municipal waste is a possible sustainable solution. We will discuss on the procedure and advantages of turning municipal waste into biofuel, emphasizing how it may help with waste management issues while advancing the use of sustainable energy sources.

Municipal garbage is a heterogeneous blend of both biological and inorganic components, including food waste, paper, plastics, and a variety of other items. Effective waste management is hampered by the size and makeup of municipal waste. Methane, a powerful greenhouse gas, is released during landfilling and hazardous pollutants are produced during cremation. These traditional techniques are not sustainable and do not make use of the energy potential of municipal trash.

This creative approach to trash management and sustainable energy production uses municipal refuse to produce biofuel. There are numerous crucial steps in this process.

At first, Municipal garbage is sorted in order to distinguish recyclables from recoverable items. After that, pollutants like plastic, metal, and glass are removed from the organic waste that is still left over.
Then, Anaerobic Digestion: Microorganisms use a biological process called anaerobic digestion to break down organic waste in the absence of oxygen. Biogas, a combination of methane and carbon dioxide, is created by this method.

To get rid of contaminants like moisture and hydrogen sulfide, the biogas is cleaned up and refined. This purified biogas can be utilized as fuel right away or further processed to produce biofuels like compressed natural gas (CNG) or biomethane. Biomethane, a refined form of biogas, can be used in place of natural gas in heating systems, the production of power, and as a fuel for vehicles. Vehicles powered by compressed natural gas can run on bio-CNG, which is created by compressing biomethane.

Making biofuel from municipal garbage lessens the amount of waste that is transferred to landfills or incinerators, lowering the dangers to the environment and human health. By efficiently recycling garbage, this procedure supports the circular economy's guiding principles. Since municipal waste is continuously produced, the biofuel made from it is a renewable energy source. By lessening reliance on non-renewable resources and reducing greenhouse gas emissions, it provides a sustainable substitute for fossil fuels. The transformation process considerably lowers greenhouse gas emissions by diverting organic waste from landfills and capturing the methane emitted during anaerobic digestion. Despite its strong potential to cause global warming, methane is a useful energy source.

The problems of waste management and energy generation can be sustainably solved by turning municipal garbage into biofuel. This procedure offers several environmental and financial advantages by preventing garbage from going to landfills, lowering greenhouse gas emissions, and producing a renewable energy source. Even if there are obstacles to be addressed, investment in this cutting-edge technology could result in a more environmentally friendly future where waste is viewed as a resource rather than as a burden on society.

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  • Dormant user ALOK DHAKAL
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Yewon Mentor

  • Yewon Mentor says :
    Hello Alok! This is your mentor Yewon.

    Before I start, I apologize for the late comment.

    I was very interested in your topic, municipal waste energy so that I even did a small data analysis on this topic! So it was interesting to read your report!
    Especially the part where you introduced the detailed process of making biogas was amazing in terms of the complexity and usefulness of the process!
    I strongly agree with your opinion that we should develop related technologies so that we could solve both waste management and energy problem.

    Thank you for your great report!
    Posted 27-06-2023 02:55

James Mentor

  • James Mentor says :
    Hello Alok!! This is your mentor James.

    First of all, sorry for the late comment!

    Municipal waste is one of the key factors that harm the cities' surrounding environment and the overall sanitation level! It is true that the waste consists of both organic and inorganic materials, thus making it even harder to sort it for efficient recycling and/or power generation. Therefore, promotion of a social norm of pre-sorting discharge among households and industries would be significantly helpful to implement your idea of biofuel generation!

    Thanks for writing such a meaningful report! Great work.
    Posted 24-06-2023 14:42

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