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[August thematic report] Deforestation and GMOs

by Seoyoon Min | 31-08-2023 22:21 recommendations 0

Deforestation is one major factor that leads to food and water scarcity. Clearing the forests for urbanization and agricultural expansion leads to the reduction of natural vegetation cover and has far reaching impacts on the environment.

One major consequence is that it disrupts the flow of the water cycle due to the decrement of evapotranspiration. Evapotranspiration is the water release from the plants to the atmosphere. It leads to alterations in local climate patterns and rainfalls are reduced as well.

Furthermore, deforestation harms the food cycle as well. It contributes to soil erosion, resulting in the depletion of crucial topsoil essential for fertile land. I can lead to reduction in the whole agricultural output and productivity in the end. This disruption of the forest ecosystems have cascading effects, disrupting the habitat of natural predators affecting crop yields.

To solve problems that make the food chain fall apart, our society has been focusing on further developing GMOs. GMOs are genetically modified organisms, foods that are made by altering a small section of the genetic code to bring out foods beneficial for us. This small change of the genes can bring wide range of results such as making potatoes resistant to insects and preventing the apples from turning brown in a short amount of time.

However, GMOs have been continuously receiving doubts from the consumers about whether they would be save enough to consume. Some people think it may be rather harmful since it unnaturally made. Despite these worries, multiple studies have shown that GMOs pose no health risks to the consumers. In fact, they are also approved by the FDA, undergoing the rigorous testing necessary for approval before being made available to the audience.

GMOs use fewer chemicals and pesticides, result in less soil erosion than unmodified crops and are used in medicine to produce vaccines and treatments for diseases. More and more GMOs are being made and going through procedures to ensure they are safe to consume. 


  • Korea, South Former E-gen Ambassador Seoyoon Min
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