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[August Free Report] Biodiversity Conservation

by Sanuli Weihena Gamage | 01-09-2023 01:59 recommendations 0

Biodiversity conservation

-by Sanuli Gamage

Biodiversity is the web of life that encompasses all species of plants, animals, microorganisms, and the ecosystems they from. It represents the culmination of billions of years of evolution and is essential for the well-being of all life on Earth.


Biodiversity is a key factor in maintaining the stability and resilience of ecosystems. Diverse ecosystems are better equipped to withstand environmental changes, including disease outbreaks and climate fluctuations.

Threats to biodiversity

1.       Habitat Destruction: The conversion of natural habitats into agricultural land, urban areas, and infrastructure development remains a major driver of biodiversity loss. Forests, wetlands, and coral reefs are particularly vulnerable.


2.       Climate Change: Rising temperatures and changing weather patterns disrupt ecosystems and threaten species’ survival. Many species are struggling to adapt to these rapid changes.


3.       Overexploitation and Pollution: Overfishing, poaching, and pollution from chemicals, plastics, and contaminants harm terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. This overuse and abuse of resources deplete species and disrupt ecosystems.


It has been found one of the main threats to biodiversity lies within the very farms that provide for us. Farmers use harmful chemicals which harm farm animals, some plants and insects. Unfortunately, this doesn’t stop there, due to heavy rains, the chemicals wash off into nearby rivers or water bodies which in turn endangers the aquatic life.

To overcome this significant threat, sustainable farming practices are been implemented. Whilst it may not be possible to completely overcome the need for those chemicals, a variety of crops are grown together to maintain the genetic diversity.


There are 4 main types of biodiversity conservation:

1.       Genetic Diversity

·       This is the different varieties of genetic information about animals, plants, and microorganisms. It has been found that a single species of organisms that have diverse genetic diversity have a higher chance of better adaptability and survival for any extreme environmental conditions.

2.       Species Diversity

·       This refers to the variety of organisms in the environment. This includes the total number of species, the number of individuals per species, and the genetic relationship that exists between various groups of species.

3.       Ecosystem Diversity

·       This is the handling of variations in ecosystems within a geographical location.

4.       Global Diversity

·       This is the range of differences that portray the composition of a group of 2 or more species globally.


Actions for biodiversity conservation

1.       Habitat restoration and protected areas: Establishing and expanding protected areas can provide safe havens for endangered species. Additionally, habitat restoration efforts can help ecosystems recover and thrive.


2.       Promoting sustainable land use practices, including organic farming and agroforestry, can reduce habitat destruction and supporting biodiversity.


3.       Governments and international organizations must enact and enforce policies that protect biodiversity. This includes stricter regulations on wildlife trade, land-use planning, and pollution control.


Biodiversity conservation is a global imperative. It is not just about protecting the incredible richness of life on our planet; it is also about ensuring our own well-being. The evidence presents in this report highlights the urgency of taking swift and coordinated action to protect and preserve biodiversity. Failure to do so jeopardizes the balance of nature, the resilience of ecosystem, and the future of all life on Earth. Biodiversity conservation is both and ethical and practical necessity.


SanuliWeihena Gamage

  • Sri Lanka Former E-gen Ambassador Sanuli Weihena Gamage
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