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July Theme Report [Climate Change]

by Obadare Adenekan | 01-09-2023 03:28 recommendations 0

July Theme Report [Climate Change]

Africa is one of the most vulnerable continents to the effects of climate change, which threaten human health, food security, water resources, and socio-economic development. Climate change is a long-term change in the average weather patterns that have come to define Earth’s local, regional and global climates. Global warming is the long-term heating of Earth’s surface due to human activities, primarily fossil fuel burning, which increases heat-trapping greenhouse gas levels in Earth’s atmosphere. Global warming is one of the main drivers of climate change, but not the only one. Climate change also encompasses changes in precipitation patterns, extreme weather events, sea level rise, ice loss, and biodiversity shifts. 

To counteract the negative impacts of climate change in Africa, both short-term and long-term solutions are needed. Short-term solutions are those that can be implemented quickly and have immediate benefits, such as disaster risk reduction, early warning systems, humanitarian aid, and adaptation measures. Long-term solutions are those that require more time and resources, but have lasting effects, such as mitigation actions, sustainable development, and climate justice.

 Short-term Solutions

Some of the short-term solutions that can help African countries cope with climate change are:

- Disaster risk reduction: This involves reducing the exposure and vulnerability of people and assets to natural hazards, such as floods, droughts, storms, and landslides. Disaster risk reduction can be achieved by improving infrastructure, land use planning, building codes, insurance schemes, and social protection. 
- Early warning systems: These are systems that provide timely and accurate information on potential or imminent hazards, such as weather forecasts, flood alerts, fire detection, and disease surveillance. Early warning systems can help people prepare for and respond to disasters, reducing the loss of lives and livelihoods. 
- Humanitarian aid: This is the provision of emergency assistance to people affected by disasters, such as food, water, shelter, health care, and protection. Humanitarian aid can save lives and alleviate suffering in the aftermath of a crisis. However, humanitarian aid alone cannot address the root causes of vulnerability and should be complemented by longer-term interventions. 
- Adaptation measures: These are actions that help people adjust to the current or expected impacts of climate change, such as changing crop varieties, diversifying income sources, conserving water resources, and relocating to safer areas. Adaptation measures can reduce the negative effects of climate change on human well-being and development. However, adaptation measures have limits and costs and should not be seen as a substitute for mitigation actions. 

 Long-term Solutions

Some of the long-term solutions that can help African countries tackle climate change are:

- Mitigation actions: These are actions that aim to reduce greenhouse gas emissions or enhance their removal from the atmosphere, such as switching to renewable energy sources, improving energy efficiency, restoring forests and wetlands, and promoting low-carbon lifestyles. Mitigation actions can prevent or delay the worst consequences of climate change and create co-benefits for health, environment, and economy. However, mitigation actions require global cooperation and commitment from all countries and sectors. 
- Sustainable development: This is the development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Sustainable development integrates social, economic, and environmental dimensions and balances human well-being with planetary boundaries. Sustainable development can enhance resilience to climate change and reduce poverty and inequality. However, sustainable development requires a transformation of policies, institutions, and behaviors at all levels. 
- Climate justice: This is the recognition of the rights and responsibilities of all people in relation to climate change and its impacts. Climate justice acknowledges that climate change disproportionately affects the poorest and most marginalized groups who have contributed least to its causes. Climate justice demands that those who are most responsible for greenhouse gas emissions take the lead in reducing them and provide adequate support to those who are most vulnerable to adapt to them. Climate justice also calls for the participation and empowerment of all people in decision-making processes related to climate change. 


Climate change is a serious threat to Africa's development prospects and human security. To counteract its negative impacts, both short-term and long-term solutions are needed. Short-term solutions can help African countries cope with the current or imminent effects of climate change by reducing disaster risks, enhancing early warning systems, providing humanitarian aid, and implementing adaptation measures. Long-term solutions can help African countries tackle the root causes and consequences of climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions,
promoting sustainable development,
and advancing climate justice.
However, these solutions require political will, financial resources, technical capacity, and social awareness from all stakeholders at local, national, regional,
and global levels. Therefore, it is imperative that African countries work together with the international community to address the challenge of climate change and secure a better future for themselves and the planet.


Obadare Adenekan

  • Nigeria Former E-gen Ambassador Obadare Adenekan
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