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Current Environmental status in Rwanda: Challenges and Conservation of Environmental degradation

by Fidele Nyandwi | 01-09-2023 21:45 recommendations 1


When we think about the world around us, one thing becomes clear: our environment is facing tough times. Rwanda, just like the rest of the world, is grappling with environmental challenges that demand our attention. In this essay, we'll delve into the state of our environment in Rwanda, drawing insights from a report by the Rwanda Environment Management Authority (REMA) named "Addressing Environmental Degradation for Sustainable Development." This report isn't just a collection of facts; it's a spotlight on what's happening in our backyard and how Rwanda is taking the reins to tackle these issues head-on.

Have you ever stood beneath the shade of a towering tree and felt its cool embrace? That's a feeling we're at risk of losing. The report points out a serious concern: deforestation. Our forests are shrinking due to urbanization, expanding agriculture, and the unfortunate practice of illegal logging. Trees aren't just pretty; they're homes for wildlife, safeguards against soil erosion, and players in the climate change game. We might be facing the loss of biodiversity and a heightened vulnerability to natural disasters if we don't act.

Picture the terraced hills of Rwanda, a testament to our hard-working farmers. But beneath this beauty lies a silent enemy: soil erosion. The way we use our land, especially in farming, is causing soil degradation. The topsoil—the rich layer that nurtures our crops—is eroding. This isn't just about crops; it's about food security and the fight against poverty, especially for rural communities that depend on farming.

Water is life, but our water sources are under threat from pollution. Industrial and household waste are infiltrating our rivers and lakes. It's more than murky water; it's a serious risk to our health, aquatic life, and the very quality of our water. As if that is not adequate, the growing scarcity of water due to climate change and excessive use makes clean water more valuable and harder to come by.

As our cities grow, so does air pollution. The report paints a concerning picture of hazy skies and smog-filled air. Vehicular emissions and unchecked industrial activities are the culprits, threatening our respiratory health and overall well-being. It does not stop there; contaminated air puts our crops and ecosystems at risk, too.

Despite these challenges, Rwanda has been proactive in addressing environmental degradation. The government has implemented several initiatives to mitigate these issues and promote sustainable development. Notable efforts include the fact that

Reforestation and afforestation are on the rise. This means we are planting more trees to heal our land, conserve our diverse ecosystems, and battle soil erosion.

Our farmers are learning sustainable techniques, like agroforestry and terracing, to protect our soil and enhance crop growth.

Waste management is becoming a priority. Recycling programs and better waste disposal are helping us move towards a cleaner environment.

We're embracing renewable energy sources like hydropower, solar energy, and biogas. This not only cuts down on pollution but also reduces our reliance on fossil fuels.

Yes, the challenges are real, but so is our resolve. Rwanda is proving that progress is possible. By continuing to adopt sustainable practices, raising awareness, and putting effective policies into action, we're paving the way for a greener, cleaner, and more resilient nation. Our environment might be in trouble, but with our collective efforts, we are creating a hopeful tomorrow for ourselves and the generations to come.



  • Rwanda E-gen Ambassador Fidele Nyandwi
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Eco Generation

  • Eco Generation says :
    Thanks for sharing the current environmental status in Rwanda.
    Good report! :)
    Posted 28-11-2023 13:34

SangHyeon Park

  • SangHyeon Park says :
    Hi, here is your metor SH.
    Well-organized article!
    Thanks to this article, I realized specific challenges in Rwanda.
    Raising awareness is the most important in my opinion, Thank you for the article!
    Posted 06-11-2023 22:03

Seeun Mentor

  • Seeun Mentor says :
    Hello, this is mentor Seeun.
    Soil, water, air,... all the natural resources that we take for granted are at risk because of environmental degredation.
    Let's all work together to save the Earth.
    Thank you for your report.
    Posted 04-10-2023 18:12

Fidele Nyandwi


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